Fachtagung vom 2. bis 4. September 1998:
"Schumpeter and the Dynamics of Asian Development"
Purpose of the Conference
This is the first major workshop with the aim to intensify scientific cooperation
between the Aichi University in Toyohashi, Japan, and the Institute of World Economics and
International Management of the University of Bremen. The theme "Schumpeter and the
Dynamics of Asian Development" is of great relevance for international development:
- because there are still gaps in explaining the growth dynamics of Asian countries; we
hope to add to the knowledge about Asia´s growth processes by incorporating Schumpeterian
and neo-Schumpeterian approaches;
- Schumpeter´s theories have been received with great interest by economists and planners
in Japan (and also in other Asian countries); in Japan the economists trained by
Schumpeter have held important positions in institutions that were highly relevant for
Japanese development; Japan can be considered as a case for Schumpeterian development
- the recent economic and financial crisis in Asia can also be analysed in the frame of
Schumpeterian and neo-Schumpeterian theories; entrepreneurial impulses and impulses from
innovators are central to development in the theory of Schumpeter, and it may be asked
therefore how the entrepreneurial system and the innovation system in Asia have been
transformed over the decades, and how the state and the society in Asia have changed the
environment for entrepreneurs and innovators;
- Schumpeterian and neo-Schumpeterian theories may also be relevant for explaining
the dynamics of intra-Asian trade and development relations; the well known "flying
geese model" obviously assumes a pattern of dynamic development that can also be
related to innovative leaders and imitating followers in the sense of Schumpeter, and
- the neo-Schumpeterian approaches can also help to explain such processes as the global
relocation of production, the growth of multinational corporations and their role in
global R&D, the new forms of global high-technology competition, the new patterns of
high technology trade with Schumpeterian goods (containing a high R&D content), and
the new forms of international transfer of technology.
It is the very first conference relating Schumpeterian approaches and the dynamics of
Asian development, what requires first, a very precise understanding of the background of
Schumpeter´s theories and of the insights of the various neo-Schumpeterian schools, and
second, an analysis of the long-term Asian development and of the more recent development
problems in Asia.
For this reason, both the Japanese and the German side have formed research groups to
prepare the theme and to work more intensively on the basic issues involved. The group at
the Institute for World Economics and International Management (IWIM) has contributed by
preparing study materials on Schumpeter, by analysing Asian development issues especially
with regard to "Greater China", and by organising two major conferences on
"China in the World Economy". The Japanese side has initiated a long-term
research programme at Aichi University to focussing an Schumpeter and Asia, especially
with regard to Schumpeter´s role in Japan.
Based on this preparatory work, the workshop will present analyses of more general Asian
development trends and country cases as well as sectoral studies, the interpretations to
be based on Schumpeterian and neo-Schumpeterian approaches.
With the contributions in hand we hope to come out with some new insights that may help to
understand not only the spectacular growth of the Asian economies but also the origin of
the recent Asian economic crisis, and the complex role of the developmental state in Asia
vis-á-vis of the entrepreneurs, but also to be better equipped to understand the future
prospects of the Asian economies.
The workshop is held at a point in time when the interest in Schumpeter´s theory is still
overwhelmingly great all over the world of academia. It is obvious that it is now time to
articulate the interest in Schumpeter´s theories with regard to new areas of knowledge,
especially economic policy issues, applications to regional development, and
interpretations of world-economy developments in the longer run.
After the conference, an editoral team will work on the publication of the revised
conference papers. It is hoped that the final written output will not only add to the
discussion about Schumpeterian theories, but will also be relevant for explaining Asian
developments and more recent crisis factors in Asia.