The Impact of EU Free Trade Agreements on Economic Development and Regional Integration in Southern Africa/African Development Perspectives Yearbook

Seite 1 von 121234567>>>
Seite von 12
Afrikanische Entwicklungsperspektiven (Research Group)

WIKIPEDIA, The Free Encyclopedia, Entry about the African Development Perspectives Yearbook (see the link below):

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_Development_Perspectives_Yearbook

 

 Redaktion des African Development Perspectives Yearbook/Editorial Management of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook:

Scientific Coordinator:  Prof. Dr. Karl Wohlmuth

University of Bremen

Phone: +49 421 218-66517

Department of Economics

Fax:      +49 421 218-4550

P.O. Box 330 440

E-mail: wohlmuth@uni-bremen.de

28334 Bremen, Germany

E-mail: iwimsek@uni-bremen.de

 

Managing Editor: Dr. Tobias Knedlik (since 2010, Volume 15, 2010/2011)


New Address of the Managing Editor of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook:

Professor Tobias Knedlik, Managing Editor
Fulda University of Applied Sciences
Marquardstr. 35
D-36039 Fulda
Germany
E-mail: Tobias.Knedlik@w.hs-fulda.de


Economist
Halle Institute for Economic Research
Kleine Märkerstraße 8
D-06108 Halle (Saale)
Germany
Phone: +49-(0)345-7753-740  
Fax: +49-(0)345-7753-69740
Mobile: +49-(0)173-3957203  
E-mail: Tobias.Knedlik@iwh-halle.de
www.iwh-halle.de  
     
Nach oben

20.12.2019
The Impact of EU Free Trade Agreements on Economic Development and Regional Integration in Southern Africa (Forschungen von Dr. Mareike Meyn)

Researching Regional Integration in Africa:

The Research Group on African Development Perspectives has published in various volumes of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook widely on the issues of EU policies towards Africa, the role of Regional Economic Communities, and on the role of Africa’s Common Market Policies which are led by the African Union (Link: African Development Perspectives Yearbook). The recent Volume 15 for 2010/2011 on Africa and the Global Financial Crisis – Impact on Economic Reform Processes contains articles on regional economic and monetary integration. In the forthcoming Volume 16 for 2012/2013 on Macroeconomic Policy Formation there will be discussions of macroeconomic policy coordination at the level of Regional Economic Communities in Africa.

For Volume 17 (planned for 2014) of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook there are first ideas to consider the theme of Africa’s Progress in Regional and Global Economic Integration. A Call for Papers for Volume 17 will be presented in due time. Focus will be on the new perspectives of regional economic and monetary integration of Africa and on issues of global economic and monetary integration of Africa (taking up some discussions of the early Volume 8, A and B (2000/2001): Africa's Reintegration into the World Economy (Link: African Development Perspectives Yearbook). Background to this publication project is the new consensus emerging at African regional institutions (UNECA, AfDB and AUC) on a basic African regional integration framework which should guide all types of cooperation with other world regions (EU, USA, Japan, China, India, Latin America, etc.). Action in this direction is advanced by forming joint action groups on researching Regional Integration in Africa (see the four major reports published so far):

UNECA’s Assessing Regional Integration in Africa I: ECA Policy Research Report (http://www.uneca.org/aria1/)

UNECA’s Assessing Regional Integration in Africa II: Rationalizing Regional Economic Communities (http://www.uneca.org/aria2/)

UNECA’s Assessing Regional Integration in Africa III: Towards Monetary and Financial Integration in Africa http://www.uneca.org/aria/aria3/index.htm)

UNECA’s Assessing Regional Integration in Africa IV: Enhancing Intra-African Trade (http://www.uneca.org/aria/aria4/index.htm)

See on the four reports Assessing Regional Integration in Africa I – IV also the overview information: http://www.uneca.org/aria/

See also News and Resources on the Joint Africa-EU Strategy Europafrica.net: http://europafrica.net/2010/06/02/new-joint-eca-afdb-auc-report-on-regional-integration-calls-for-strong-action-to-lower-costs-of-doing-business-and-facilitate-intra-african-trade/

Nach oben

24.12.2019
New Reports in the UNECA Series Assessing Regional Integration in Africa

(All the Reports are available under: http://www.uneca.org/publications/serie/Assessing-Regional-Integration-in-Africa)

UNECA’s Assessing Regional Integration in Africa V: Towards an African 

Continental Free Trade Area, UNECA, Addis Ababa 2012

Web Access: http://www.uneca.org/sites/default/files/publications/aria5_print_uneca_fin_20_july_1.pdf 

UNECA’s Assessing Regional Integration in Africa VI: Harmonizing Policies to 

Transform the Trading Environment, UNECA, Addis Ababa 2013

Web Access: http://www.uneca.org/sites/default/files/publications/aria_vi_english_full.pdf

Earlier volumes from 1989 to 2014 (Numbers 1 to 16) and also Volumes 17 and 18 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook (both are forthcoming or in progress) contain various essays on regional integration in Africa (Link to the  Research Group on African Development Perspectives: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/african_developm_.htm and to the Yearbook Series: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/africa/africanyearbook.htm ). 

Nach oben

24.12.2019
The Impact of EU Free Trade Agreements on Economic Development and Regional Integration in Southern Africa

The PhD study by Dr. Mareike Meyn has appeared as a book (see bibliographic reference below):

Meyn, Mareike, The Impact of EU Free Trade Agreements on Economic Development and Regional Integration in Southern Africa,The Example of EU-SACU Trade Relations, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien, 2006. 453 pp., num. fig. and tables, Development Economics and Policy Bd. 55, Herausgegeben von Heidhues Franz / von Braun Joachim, ISBN 3-631-55354-4 / US-ISBN 0-8204-9921-8  pb.

Online bestellen: www.peterlang.com SFR 108.00

Dr. Mareike Meyn has contributed extensively in her years at the Institute for World Economics and International Management (IWIM) in Bremen and at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) in London to the debate on EU-Africa trade relations and on the issues of negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) with African Regional Economic Communities.

The studies at IWIM Bremen can be accessed via: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/the_impact_of_eu_free_trade_agreements_on_economic_development_and_regional_integration_in_southern_africa_african_development_perspectives_yearbook/

The studies at ODI London can be accessed via: http://www.odi.org.uk/

A major report on ACP-EU Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) can  be accessed via:

http://www.normangirvan.info/acp-eu-epas-final-report-by-mareike-meyn-christoper-stevens23-novemver-2007/

or:

http://www.normangirvan.info/wp-content/uploads/2007/11/final-epa-status-report-221107-2.pdf

The Report covers for Africa the following regions: Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA), Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), Central Africa, and West Africa

Nach oben

24.12.2019
Bibliographic References of the Report: ACP–EU Economic Partnership Agreements, Final Report

ODI/Commonwealth Secretariat,

ACP–EU  Economic Partnership Agreements, Final Report, Commissioned by the  Commonwealth Secretariat, November 2007,

by Mareike Meyn and Christopher Stevens

Overseas Development Institute,

111 Westminster Bridge Road, 

London SE1 7JD, United Kingdom

Tel.: +44 (0)20 7922 0300 Fax: +44 (0)20 7922 0399

www.odi.org.uk

 

For Southern African countries the following publication at NEPRU (THE NAMIBIAN ECONOMIC POLICY RESEARCH UNIT, Windhoek, Namibia) on EPAs is relevant:

http://www.acp-eu-trade.org/library/files/Meyn-M_EN_072004_EPAs-regional-integration-Southern-Africa.pdf

Also in various more recent volumes of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook there are contributions by Dr. M. Meyn and by other authors on policy issues of EU-Africa relations and on the negotiations of ACP-EU EPAs (Link: African Development Perspectives Yearbook).

 

 Bibliography Dr. Mareike Meyn:

 (1) Titel: The impact of EU free trade agreements on economic development and regional integration in southern Africa. Empirical investigations of EU-SACU trade relations. 
(2) Bearbeiterin: Dipl.-Volkswirtin Mareike Meyn 
(3) Inhalt und Methodik des Forschungsvorhabens: Mit Unterzeichung des Cotonou Abkommens im Jahre 2000 wurde die Handelsbeziehungen der Staaten des südlichen Afrikas mit der Europäischen Union (EU) grundlegend geändert. Bis zum Jahre 2008 soll statt einseitiger Präferenzabkommen ein reziprokes Abkommen mit regionalen Gruppierungen eingegangen werden. Für die Staaten des südlichen Afrikas bedeutet dies fundamentale Änderungen, die sich beispielsweise in Zolleinnahmeverlusten, verstärkter Konkurrenz und politischen und ökonomischen Interessensverschiebungen innerhalb regionaler Integrationsabkommen ausdrücken. Am Beispiel der Länder der "Southern African Customs Union" (Südafrika, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia und Swaziland) wird untersucht, inwieweit Firmen und Institutionen im südlichen Afrika über die Implikationen der Neuordnung der Beziehungen zu ihrem Haupthandelspartner informiert sind und welche Chancen und Risiken sich für sie ergeben. Die empirische Basis der Arbeit stellt ein viermonatiger Forschungsaufenthalt von Frau Meyn in Südafrika, Botswana, Namibia und Swaziland dar, in dem zahlreiche Interviews mit Firmen, Ministerien, Industrie- und Handelskammern sowie Forschungseinrichtungen geführt wurden. Die Ergebnisse der Forschungsarbeit werden in der Dissertationsschrift von Frau Meyn veröffentlicht. 
(4) Förderung: Universität Bremen, DAAD. 
(5) Eingliederung in einen Forschungsverband: Institut für Weltwirtschaft und Internationales Management, Kooperation mit der Research Group on African Development Perspectives, der Namibian Economic and Policy Research Unit (NEPRU), Namibia, dem Trade Law Centre in Southern Africa (tralac), Südafrika, dem Botswana Intitute for Development and Policy Analysis (BIDPA), Botswana und dem National Institute for Economic Policy (NIEP), Südafrika. 
(6) Veröffentlichungen (zum Download siehe Publikationen Meyn): 
Meyn, M. (2004): The Export Performance of the South African Automotive Industry. New Stimuli by the EU-South Africa Free Trade Agreement? Tralac Working Paper 8/2004.
Meyn, M. (2004): Are Economic Partnership Agreements likely to Promote or Constrain Regional Integration in Southern Africa? Options, Limits and Challenges Botswana, Mauritius and Mozambique are Facing. NEPRU Working Paper No. 96, Juli 2004. 
Meyn, M. (2004): Launching of SADC EPA Negotiations - Challenges for Southern Africa. NEPRU Policy Brief issue 08, Juli. 
Meyn, M. (2004): The EU - South Africa FTA and its effect on EPA negotiations: An examination of some options, opportunities and challenges facing the BLNS countries. Konferenzpaper für die European Community Studies Association in Southern Africa: "The relationship between Africa and the European Union", University of Western Cape, 22-23 Januar.
Meyn, M. (2003): The SACU-USA Free Trade Agreement: What is in it for Namibia? NEPRU Policy Brief Issue 06, Dezember. 
Meyn, M. (2003): The TDCA and the proposed SACU-USA FTA: Are Free Trade Agreements with Industrialised countries beneficial for SACU? NEPRU Working Paper No. 89, Windhoek, Dezember. 
Meyn, M. (2003): Das Freihandelsabkommen zwischen Südafrika und der EU und seine Implikationen für die Länder der Southern African Customs Union (SACU). Berichte aus dem Weltwirtschaftlichen Colloquium, Nr. 82. 
Meyn, Mareike (2002): Die Neuausrichtung der EU-AKP und der EU-Südafrika Beziehungen und ihre Auswirkungen auf die Länder der SADC. In: Berichte des Forschungsinstituts der Internationalen Wissenschaftlichen Vereinigung Weltwirtschaft und Weltpolitik (IWVWW), Dezember, S. 71-76

Nach oben

25.05.2020
The African Development Perspectives Yearbook celebrates an Anniversary after Thirty Years (1989 – 2019) of Impact - A new volume was recently published for 2019 with the title “Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth In Africa - Human Skills Development And Country Cases”

When the Yearbook Series started in 1989 with a volume on “Human Dimensions of Adjustment” no one of the founders thought that this project would exist for thirty years and more. But now we can say that the demand for this Yearbook was continuously on the increase. The volumes became over time important additions to the literature on African Development Perspectives. We are proud to say that the African Development Perspectives Yearbook is now the leading English-language annual in Germany on Africa. The volumes are still organized around Units, comprising three to five essays, and each Unit is introduced by editors through a presentation of issues and strategies that follow from the messages of the essays. Each volume has a specific theme which is of utmost importance in the discussion about development policies for Africa. The editors still preserve this way of grouping the material, when presenting the analytical essays, the field studies, the documents, the reviews, the briefs and the notes.

We observe that some of the volumes which appeared in the 1990s and in the 2000s are again at the centre of policy discussions about Africa, just to mention “Good Governance and Economic Development” or “Industrialization based on Agricultural Development” or “Africa - Escaping the Primary Commodities Dilemma” or “Active Labour and Employment Policies in Africa”. It is interesting to see how relevant some of the proposals mentioned there still are in the policy discussion, and so they are cited again and again. These volumes are still sold and read, and the impact on the policymakers in Africa and at the global level encourages us to continue with the work for the Yearbook Project. The strong interest about the Yearbook themes follows the discussion about development strategies for Africa at global and regional levels. So, the launch of the Yearbook volume for 2015/16 on “Africa's Progress in Regional and Global Economic Integration – Towards Transformative Regional Integration” by UNECA in Kigali, Rwanda had a great effect; the messages and the lessons were taken up Africa-wide with great interest and recognition.

The new volumes for 2018 and 2019 are unique as they highlight a Science, Technology and Innovation (STI)-led development strategy for Africa (see the Cover of each volume below). The strategies developed are taking up African positions and proposals, but these are critically analysed and confronted with the “state of the art” analyses about global achievements with regard of STI and Inclusive Growth policies. Country cases play in all the volumes a great role. In these two volumes we have taken up country cases for Nigeria, Sudan, Cameroon, Tunisia, Mauritania, and Egypt. Some country cases are considered in a full Unit, like for Sudan, Nigeria, Egypt and Tunisia, others in the form of one or two essays (such as for Mauritania and Cameroon). The specific theme for a volume is also enriched by a full Unit on Book Reviews and Book Notes. All the relevant literature on global, regional, national and local issues is considered by reviewers who are working in the area of STI and Inclusive Growth policies.

Contributors, Editors, and Supporters of the Project will work on an Anniversary Festschrift on “Thirty Years (1989-2019) of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook” to highlight the achievements and main outcomes, the messages and lessons for policymakers, and to make proposals and plans to prepare for the future perspectives of the Yearbook project. The University of Bremen has supported the project now over more than three decades. A press report was prepared and issued by the Faculty of Economics and Business Studies and the University of Bremen (see it as a PDF FB 7 - Info Jahrbuch/Yearbook, and as a Link https://www.uni-bremen.de/wiwi/news/detailansicht/ein-projekt-der-afrikaforschung-an-der-universitaet-bremen). The volume for 2020/21 with the title “Sustainable Development Goal 9 (Infrastructure, Industrialization, Innovation) and African Development – Challenges and Opportunities” is now finalized by research teams. There are already concrete plans for the 2022 volume with the theme “Business Opportunities, Growth of Innovative Start-ups, and Digital Transformation in Africa”. An International Call for Papers for the 2022 volume will be made available in the next few months.

Information about the Yearbook Project is made available under:
https://www.karl-wohlmuth.de/african_development_perspectives_yearbook/
http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/index.php?content=345&lng=de
http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/forschung/forsch-adpy.htm

The LIT Verlag is the partner of the Yearbook project:
https://www.lit-verlag.de/publikationen/reihen/african-development-perspectives-yearbook/?p=1

Under a WIKIPEDIA entry you see a short description:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_Development_Perspectives_Yearbook

 

Bibliographic Information:
African Development Perspectives Yearbook 2019
Science, Technology And Innovation Policies For Inclusive Growth In Africa - Human Skills Development And Country Cases,
Edited by Achim Gutowski, Nazar Mohamed Hassan, Tobias Knedlik, Chantal Marie Ngo Tong, Karl Wohlmuth,
LIT Verlag Wien, Zürich 2020
ISBN 978-3-643-91173-5 (pb)
ISBN 978-3-643-96173-0 (PDF)
i-xxxvi und 527 Seiten und i-x

Bibliographic Information:
African Development Perspectives Yearbook 2018
Science, Technology And Innovation Policies For Inclusive Growth In Africa – General Issues And Country Cases,
Edited by Reuben A. Alabi, Achim Gutowski, Nazar Mohamed Hassan, Tobias Knedlik, Samia Satti Mohamed Nour, Karl Wohlmuth,
LIT Verlag Wien, Zürich 2018
ISBN 978-3-643-91042-4 (pb)
ISBN 978-3-643-96042-9 (PDF)
i-xxx und 555 Seiten und i-v

Related to the publishing activity for the Yearbook is the research activity of the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen (see about the Research Group the PDF ADPY Research Group, and the links to follow-up the research activity related to the themes of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook:
http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/afrikanische_entwicklungsperspektiven_research_group_/, and:
http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/index.php?content=340&lng=de, and:
http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/index.php?content=341&lng=de, and:
https://www.karl-wohlmuth.de/afrikanische_entwicklungsperspektiven/).
Guest researchers, currently from Nigeria, are participating in the researches of the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen (see: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/environment_and_development_management_nigeria_germany/). They also serve as editors and co-editors of Units/Volumes.

Nach oben

25.05.2020
30 Jahre „African Development Perspectives Yearbook” – Ein Projekt der Afrikaforschung an der Universität Bremen

Von Fragen der Industrialisierung, der Agrarentwicklung und der Armutsbekämpfung bis hin zu Wissenschaft, Technologie und Innovation als Voraussetzungen für inklusives Wachstum in Afrika reichen die Themen, die im Jahrbuch abgehandelt werden. Drei Jahrzehnte afrikanischer Entwicklungen und Politikreformen sind im Fokus dieses Publikationsprojektes der Bremer Universität gewesen, und das Projekt wird weitergeführt. Die Forschungsgruppe Afrikanische Entwicklungsperspektiven Bremen unter der Leitung von Prof. Dr. Karl Wohlmuth und das Institut für Weltwirtschaft und Internationales Management (IWIM) am Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft der Universität Bremen haben dieses Bremer Entwicklungsprojekt für Afrika begründet. Vor wenigen Wochen ist nun der Band für 2019 des „African Development Perspectives Yearbook“ erschienen (siehe das Cover unten). Der Titel des englischsprachigen Bandes lautet „Science, Technology And Innovation Policies For Inclusive Growth In Africa – Human Skills Development And Country Cases” („Wissenschafts-, Technologie- und Innovationspolitiken für inklusives Wachstum in Afrika – Entwicklung der menschlichen Fähigkeiten und Länderstudien“).


Die Forschungsgruppe unter der Leitung von Professor Dr. Karl Wohlmuth startete mit ihrer Arbeit bereits 1988 und gab seinerzeit den Band 1 des Afrika-Jahrbuchs mit dem Titel „Human Dimensions of Adjustment“ („Menschliche Dimensionen der Anpassung“) im Jahr 1989 heraus (siehe das Cover unten). Dieser Band fand sehr großes Interesse, weil eine neue und kritische Sicht auf die Vorschläge von internationalen Finanzorganisationen für Wirtschaftsreformen in Afrika präsentiert wurde. In den 30 Jahren von 1989 bis 2019 wurden immer wieder zentrale Fragen der afrikanischen Entwicklung unter dem Gesichtspunkt der notwendigen Politikreformen aufgegriffen und tiefschürfend abgehandelt. Wichtige Themen waren etwa: Industrialisierung auf der Basis landwirtschaftlicher Entwicklung; Energie für Afrikas Entwicklung; Aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitiken für Afrika; Regionale Chancen und Perspektiven der Beschäftigung; Governance und ökonomische Entwicklung; Economic Empowerment von kleinen Produzenten in Afrika; Afrikas Reintegration in die Weltwirtschaft; Privatsektorenentwicklung und Entrepreneurship Development in Afrika; Öffentliche und private Wirtschaftssektoren in Afrika im Gleichgewicht; Auswege aus dem Dilemma der Primärgüterexporte; Rohstoffabhängigkeit und Exportdiversifizierung in Afrika; Neue Wachstums- und Armutsbekämpfungsstrategien für Afrika; Internationale, regionale, institutionelle und lokale Strategien der Armutsbekämpfung in Afrika; die Auswirkungen der globalen Finanzkrise auf die Wirtschaftsreformen in Afrika; die Formierung und Implementierung makroökonomischer Politiken in Afrika; Regionale Integration und makroökonomische Politik in Afrika; Afrikas Fortschritte bei der regionalen und globalen Wirtschaftsintegration, und nun in zwei Bänden für 2018 und 2019 die Thematik der Wissenschafts-, Technologie- und Innovationspolitik als Hebel für eine inklusive Wachstumspolitik in Afrika. Alles Themen, die jeweils im Mittelpunkt der Entwicklungspolitik für Afrika standen bzw. noch immer stehen.

Über dieses Jubiläum wurde eine Presseerklärung verfasst (vgl. die PDF Info 30 Jahre Jahrbuch). Vgl. dazu auch die Mitteilungen auf der Homepage des Fachbereichs Wirtschaftswissenschaft der Universität Bremen: https://www.uni-bremen.de/wiwi/news/detailansicht/ein-projekt-der-afrikaforschung-an-der-universitaet-bremen. Es ist auch geplant, eine Online-Festschrift „30 Jahre African Development Perspectives Yearbook – Reformimpulse für Afrika“ zu veröffentlichen. Wichtige Unterstützer, Herausgeber, Autoren wollen sich zu dem Projekt äußern.

Bibliographische Information über die neue Publikation:

African Development Perspectives Yearbook 2019

Science, Technology And Innovation Policies For Inclusive Growth In Africa - Human Skills Development And Country Cases,

Edited by Achim Gutowski, Nazar Mohamed Hassan, Tobias Knedlik, Chantal Marie Ngo Tong, Karl Wohlmuth,
LIT Verlag Wien, Zürich 2020
ISBN 978-3-643-91173-5 (pb)
ISBN 978-3-643-96173-0 (PDF)
i-xxxvi und 527 Seiten und i-x

Infos über die Publikationsreihe: 1989-2019

http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/index.php?content=345&lng=de
http://www.lit-verlag.de/reihe/adpy


Der nächste Band des Jahrbuchs für 2020/21 ist in Vorbereitung und wird dem Thema “Sustainable Development Goal 9 (Infrastructure, Industrialization, Innovation) and African Development – Challenges and Opportunities” gewidmet sein. Vgl. den International Call for Papers zur Übersicht der Inhalte (PDF International Call for Papers Volume 22). Für das Jahr 2022 ist das Thema „Business Opportunities, Growth of Start-Ups, and Digital Transformation in Africa” in Planung.

Durch Forschungsprojekte wird die Herausgabe dieser Bände unterstützt. Ein aktuelles Forschungsprojekt der Forschungsgruppe Afrikanische Entwicklungsperspektiven Bremen thematisiert die Frage, ob die Tendenzen der De-Industrialisierung in Afrika durch die globalen technologischen Entwicklungen und durch die globale digitale Transformation eher verstärkt oder aber abgeschwächt werden. Das neue Thema ist von hoher Politikrelevanz, weil vielfach nicht nur der Industriesektor in Afrika vor großen Problemen steht, sondern auch der Landwirtschaftssektor unter strukturellen Problemen leidet. Ziel der Forschungsarbeit ist es daher, die Grundlagen einer neuen Industrie- und Landwirtschaftspolitik für Afrika zu erarbeiten, die auf kohärenten Wissenschafts-, Technologie- und Innovationspolitiken beruhen. Vgl. dazu die neue Veröffentlichung über technologische Kompetenzen, Strukturwandel und digitale Transformation in Afrika (Veröffentlichung als Discussion Paper in der Blauen Reihe des IWIM mit dem Titel: „Technological Development, Structural Change and Digital Transformation in Africa“, Nummer 128, 2019); Access: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/blaue_reihe/).

Nach oben

06.06.2019
New Studies on Implementing Economic Reforms in Tunisia – New Approaches towards Employment Generation, Industrial Development and Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Promotion

Two new studies came out from the Bremen Tunisia Project – first, a study on De-Industrialization, Reindustrialization and Employment. Elements of a National Employment Strategy for Tunisia and second, a whole Unit of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook 2019 containing a set of studies on Innovation Policies, Industrial Cluster Policies and Health Sector Reform Policies in Tunisia. A Synopsis on the proposed strategies for the policymakers was written by Professor Karl Wohlmuth (see the PDF Tunisia-Employment, Industry and STI Policies 2019).

The first study is on implementing economic reforms through a) labour market transformations and laying the institutional foundations for a National Employment Strategy, b) managing de-industrialization through pro-active industrial development policies, c) exploiting multiple paths of reindustrialization via promotion of all productive sectors, regional industry development, supporting viable regional and global value chains and mobilizing green growth potentials in the country, and d) involving new partners and actors in the implementation process of economic reforms, also at regional and global levels. These issues were discussed at a conference on reindustrialization in Tunisia (see about the Reindustrialization Conference in Tunisia and the Bremen Tunisia Project: http://www.karl-wohlmuth.de/sti_policies_tunisia/).

In the second study three key areas of STI policies were discussed, first, the role of obstacles to innovation in and among Tunisian firms; second, the role of industrial clusters smart specialization policies for innovations; and third, the role of innovation policies in the health sector comprising all relevant sub-sectors and value chains. These essays are part of a strategy to promote STI policies in North Africa with a focus on Egypt and Tunisia. Two volumes of the African Development  Perspectives Yearbook (Volume 20 for 2018 and Volume 21 for 2019) were devoted to the issue of Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa. These essays are in Volume 21.

The Bremen Tunisia Project is running since 5 years. A short report was presented by Professor Hans-Heinrich Bass from the  University of Applied Sciences Bremen at a jubilee meeting in 2018 for an international study programme on Applied Economic Languages (AWS/Angewandte Wirtschaftssprachen) Arabic, Japanese and Chinese running for 30 years (see Bass Presentation AWS). Volume 21 for 2019 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook is also part of a jubilee event in 2019 as this Yearbook Project is now running for 30 (thirty) years, as the number one issue on Human Dimensions of Adjustment in Africa was published in 1989 (see the link to the various issues of the Yearbook Project: http://www.karl-wohlmuth.de/african_development_perspectives_yearbook/ and: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/africa/africanyearbook.htm).

Bibliographic Information on the New Publications:

Wohlmuth, Karl, 2018, De-Industrialisierung, Reindustrialisierung und Beschäftigung. Elemente einer nationalen Beschäftigungsstrategie für Tunesien (Deindustrialization, Reindustrialization and Employment. Elements of a National Employment Strategy for Tunisia), Seiten 33-90, in: Zeitschrift "Berichte", 2018/II, 28. Jg., Nr. 213, ISSN 1022-3258, Thema des Heftes (Theme of the Issue of the Journal): Gegensätze - Westbalkan, Tunesien und Karl Marx, Berlin, Forschungsinstitut der Internationalen Wissenschaftlichen Vereinigung Weltwirtschaft und Weltpolitik (IWVWW) e. V.

African Development Perspectives Yearbook 2019, Volume 21, Theme: Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa – Human Skills Development and Country Cases, Edited by Achim Gutowski, Nazar Mohamed Hassan, Tobias Knedlik, Chantal Marie Ngo Tong and Karl Wohlmuth, LIT Publishers Wien-Zürich, 2019, with contributions on Tunisia in Unit 2: Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policies for Economic Transformation in North Africa by: Nazar Mohamed Hassan and Karl Wohlmuth; Zouhour Karray and Wiem Ben Ghorbel Abed; Maximilian Benner; and by Mondher Khanfir and Sana Ayari-Riabi.

Nach oben

06.06.2019
A New Study on Sustainable Waste Management in Nigeria and in Germany was released and is published in IWIM’s Globalization in the World Economy Series

This study was written by Guest Researcher Professor Reuben A. Alabi from the Ambrose Alli University in Ekpoma, Nigeria and by Professor Emeritus Karl Wohlmuth, University of Bremen, Germany. It investigates in a comparative form the progress of waste management policies in Nigeria and in Germany, with special emphasis on the conditions in the Lagos State of Nigeria and in the Country State of Bremen in Germany. Also, the move from conventional waste management in the linear economic model to integrated resource and waste management in the circular economic model is discussed. While waste management in the linear economic model focusses in Nigeria and in Germany on a distinct hierarchy of objectives, the resource and waste management in the circular model incorporates the whole life cycle of the products and the societal relevance of the products in view of its objectives. Focus is in the study on the country state of Lagos in Nigeria and on the country state of Bremen in Germany. Both country states have a great role as harbour and logistic towns, as industrial towns and as towns with scientific and technological infrastructure. There are also differences as Lagos is an important financial services hub while Bremen is famous for its aircraft and space industry. The study compares the progress of waste management and resource conservation policies but reflects also on the different institutional and logistical structures of waste management in the two country states, being the result of specific economic sectors and factors. Factors such as the importance of formal and informal private enterprises, the role of public institutions and of private actors in the waste management business, and the relevance of public waste management policies, laws, plans and balance sheets play a role in the study. Also, the role of new equipment and new communication technologies for the further development of the waste industry in the two countries/country states is considered.

The Necessity of A Move Towards Sustainable Waste Management in Nigeria
Source: Towards a sustainable waste management (The Guardian, 16 May 2016; Link: https://guardian.ng/opinion/towards-a-sustainable-waste-management/)

The study is based on relevant literature which is available for the two countries/states and on meetings/interviews with experts on waste management in the two countries/states. Based on questionnaires the authors have investigated the specific frameworks of waste management policies. A major result is that Germany (and Bremen) and Nigeria (and Lagos) can cooperate in a mutually beneficial way on waste management – in policymaking and planning, on developing and selecting equipment and new technologies, on services provision and training, but also on guiding the transformation process towards a circular economy. Nigeria can learn from the German and European way of implementing coherent policies, while Germany and Europe can learn from Nigeria’s way to solve problems which arise at the local level. The study brought to attention that the waste industry in Germany and in Bremen is embedded into a complex web of directives, laws and regulations; this is a strict policy framework from the EU level downwards and to the EU level upwards. In Nigeria, there is no coherent waste governance system down from the federation, but at local and state levels there are some binding rules (of formal and/or informal origin). This quite different way of organizing waste management has consequences for the development of the waste industry in the two countries. It impacts also on the selection of options used in waste management in regard of the six (6) objectives discussed in the hierarchy of actions chosen (see below).

Most Favoured and Least Favoured Options in Waste Management

Source:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste_hierarchy

For Nigeria, this situation means that local informal producers, local informal organizations, and local informal waste management actors play a great role. Important is it that informal actors in the waste management business are rediscovered as partners of public agencies, public firms and formal sector private firms. Informal sector firms can also be partners in the transformation from waste management in the linear economy model towards resource management within the circular economy model. Informal enterprises can ably prepare end-of-life products for re-use or they can make them the basis for large-scale recycling and recovery. Privatization versus re-communalization is another issue of relevance for the waste industry as experiences in Lagos and in Bremen show. For Germany, the decision criterion should be the ability to innovate for a circular economy; this should be the basic criterion for privatization versus re-communalization. In Nigeria, a larger role of informal enterprises in the waste industry can contribute to the circular economy. Such firms can redesign the products and can remanufacture them for low-income social groups; waste can then be reduced or even prevented. Waste prevention is an issue for both countries/country states/municipalities. Bremen as a country state and Bremen as a municipality can support initiatives for a deep cooperation in a waste management partnership with Lagos and Nigeria. Lagos can be the first address for such a cooperation, although the population and the industry size of Lagos State are so much bigger compared to Bremen.

Waste Management Facilities as used in Germany are exported globally to developed and emerging economies

Source: https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/en/topics/waste-resources/waste-management

Policy Focus and Dissemination of the Study

There is great interest from the side of waste management authorities in Nigeria in the policy recommendations presented in the study. Professor Alabi is discussing the possibility of workshops in Nigeria to inform the public about the major results. Also, waste management and resource conservation companies show interest in the investigation of the two authors. Because of the rate of population growth, the speed of urbanization and the need to scale up industrial, agricultural and agro-industrial development in Nigeria, there is urgency in regard of implementing such policy recommendations.

Bibliographic Details on the New Study on Waste Management in Nigeria and Germany:

Wohlmuth, Karl/Reuben A. Alabi, 2019, The Case of Sustainable Management of Waste in Germany (and Bremen) and Practical Lessons for Nigeria (and Lagos), pages i-xxx and 147 pages and i-vii pages, Materialien des Wissenschaftsschwerpunktes „Globalisierung der Weltwirtschaft“ (ehemals: Materialien des Universitätsschwerpunktes „Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen und Internationales Management“), Bd. 44, April 2019, ISSN 0948-3837, Access Link: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/publikationen/pub-white.htm and: http://www.karl-wohlmuth.de/weisse_reihe/.

Nach oben

06.06.2019
Armutsbeseitigung durch mehr Wachstum? Professor Karl Wohlmuth referiert in der Villa Ichon, Bremen

In einer öffentlichen Diskussionsveranstaltung berichtete der Bremer Entwicklungsökonom Professor Karl Wohlmuth über seine Forschungen zum Thema des Zusammenhangs von Wirtschaftswachstum und Armutsbeseitigung im Entwicklungsprozess – dies mit besonderem Bezug zu Afrika. Im Rahmen seines Impulsreferates ging der Professor zunächst auf die aktuelle Diskussion über „Africa Rising“ ein, kontrastierte diesen populären wie hoffnungsvollen Befund aber mit dem sehr hohen Anteil der „extremen Armut“ an der Bevölkerung in Afrika. Nach dieser Einführung wurde auf den statistischen Zusammenhang von Wachstums- und Armutsraten eingegangen; Befunde zu Korrelationen und Kausalitäten wurden erläutert. Schließlich wurden zwei zentrale Konzepte in dieser Debatte kontrastiert: erstens, Wachstumsstimulierung mit Fokus auf Armutsreduzierung (Pro-Poor Growth) und zweitens, Armutsbekämpfung mit Fokus auf Wachstumsimpulsen (Pro-Growth Poverty Reduction).

An Länderbeispielen wurde gezeigt, dass beide Konzepte (Pro-Poor Growth und Pro-Growth Poverty Reduction) durchaus gleichzeitig angewendet werden können. Es wurde vom Referenten auch betont, dass die Nachhaltigkeitsziele Eins („Keine Armut“) und Acht („Menschenwürdige Arbeit und Wirtschaftswachstum“) durch diese Kombination von Entwicklungsinterventionen in afrikanischen Ländern am ehesten verwirklicht werden können. Voraussetzung ist allerdings, dass in den afrikanischen Ländern die Reformpolitik im Rahmen eines langfristigen Entwicklungsprogramms erfolgt. Das Beispiel Äthiopien zeigt, dass beide Konzepte zur Förderung von Wachstum und Armutsreduzierung relevant sind und beide Ziele der Agenda 2030 so am ehesten erreicht werden können. Der Fokus auf landwirtschaftliche und agro-industrielle Entwicklung kann durch Beschäftigungsschaffung zur Armutsreduzierung beitragen, während ausgewählte soziale Sicherungsprogramme so gestaltet werden können, dass sich Wachstumsimpulse ergeben, etwa durch Infrastrukturentwicklung und Kaufkraftschaffung.



Quelle:
Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ); Link: https://www.bmz.de/de/ministerium/ziele/2030_agenda/17_ziele/index.html

Die Präsentation des Referenten kann hier nachgelesen werden (Wohlmuth-Wachstum-Armut 2019). Professor Wohlmuth hat in mehreren Publikationen diese Fragestellungen näher untersucht (vgl. die Auflistung der Publikationen in: http://www.karl-wohlmuth.de/publikationen/ und: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/publikationen/index.html). In mehreren Bänden des African Development Perspectives Yearbook wurde diese Thematik beleuchtet. Der neue Band 22 (2020) des Jahrbuchs wird sich intensiv mit den Nachhaltigkeitszielen beschäftigen (vgl. die Links dazu: http://www.karl-wohlmuth.de/african_development_perspectives_yearbook/ und: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/africa/africanyearbook.htm).

Ein kurzer Bericht zu dieser Veranstaltung wurde vom biz (Bremer Informationszentrum für Menschenrechte und Entwicklung) veröffentlicht; Link: https://www.bizme.de/Veranstaltungen-Rueckblick-2019.html. An der Veranstaltung mitgewirkt haben auch die folgenden entwicklungspolitischen Organisationen im Bremer Raum:  BeN (Bremer entwicklungspolitisches Netzwerk e.V); Aktionsbündnis Wachstumswende Bremen; Afrika Netzwerk; „Konsum mit Köpfchen“.

Nach oben

Seite 1 von 121234567>>>
Variante 1
Seite 1 von 12