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African Development Perspectives Yearbook: Volume 20 on “Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policies For Inclusive Growth In Africa – General Issues And Country Cases” just published

In volume 20 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook with the title “Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa - General Issues and Country Cases” major strategic and policy issues are analysed. The guiding issue is how to make Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policies relevant for inclusive growth strategies in Africa so that socio-economic transformation strategies will take off. Although STI polices are considered as indispensable for sustainable growth in Africa, the steps towards such policies and strategies are not yet streamlined enough. Therefore, it is necessary to learn from the successful cases of STI development in Africa and in other emerging countries.

African Development Perspectives Yearbook 2018:
On Science, Technology And Innovation Policies For Inclusive Growth In Africa

In this volume a new approach is envisaged. Based on Africa’s deep-routed structural problems, the STI policies are related to Africa’s economic transformation agenda. In a first part of Volume 20 the general issues of introducing effective STI policies are presented, based on visions, strategic plans and the requirements of functioning national innovation systems. In a second part, country case studies highlight the new approach. Specific case studies, such as for Sudan and Nigeria, are presented, as these two countries have a long history of STI development. Strategies and policies for more coherent STI policies are presented (see the Cover of volume 20: PDF 91042-4 Alabi).

Complementary to this volume is Volume 21 with the title “Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa - Human Skills Development and Country Cases”. In the first part of Volume 21 the role of human skills development for capacity building in STI systems is discussed. This is based on examples from Cameroon, Nigeria and Mauritania. In the second part the national innovation systems and STI policies of North African countries (Egypt and Tunisia) are evaluated, to assess how they can be directed towards economic transformation and inclusive growth.

With Volume 21 the African Development Perspectives Yearbook project is approaching 30 years of activity as the first volume was published in 1989 under the title “Human Dimensions of Adjustment”. In these 30 years the African Development Perspectives Yearbook has become the major annual publication in English language on Africa in Germany. Guiding principle is the inclusion of authors and editors from Africa, the publication of essays which are also readable by media people, development actors and policymakers, and the presentation of successful policies, projects and programmes which highlight that Africa can succeed in regard of its ambitions and that it can rise in growth and development.

The Research Group on African Development Perspectives has just released the International Call for Papers for Volume 22 (2020) and invites Abstracts and nominations for the position of Guest Editors (see International Call for Papers Volume 22, for the year 2020).


International Call for Papers for: Volume 22 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook on “Sustainable Development Goal 9 (Infrastructure, Industrialization, Innovation) and African Development – Challenges and Opportunities”

Invited are contributions for Volume 22 (2020) of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook with the title “Sustainable Development Goal 9 (Infrastructure, Industrialization, Innovation) and African Development – Challenges and Opportunities”. See the International Call for Papers for Volume 22 (for the calendar year 2020). The contributions should be evidence-based and policy-oriented. High academic standards are requested and will be checked by referees. Non-technical papers with deep analysis, which are readable by practitioners in development cooperation and by media people, have a high priority in the selection process. The concept of the contribution and the methodological framework of analysis should be outlined in the Abstract which is submitted to the Editors, Professor Karl Wohlmuth (Bremen) and Professor Tobias Knedlik (Fulda).

Source: United Nations
Sustainable Development Goal Nine (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure) and African Development

Upon acceptance of the paper, the Contributors will receive Editorial Guidelines and a Template. Accepted papers will be grouped into Thematic Units, and the respective Unit Editors will contact the contributors quite regularly during the process of finalization of the paper to discuss the various drafts. The African Development Perspectives Yearbook is published since 1989 (see the link to the website of the Yearbook project: The volumes 20 and 21 (for the years 2018 and 2019) were on the theme “Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa”. In 2019, the Research Group celebrates the event of 30 years of publishing the African Development Perspectives Yearbook. Each of the volumes 20 and 21 had three Thematic Units. Volume 22 will be related to the year 2020; in case of many high-quality submissions a Volume 23 for the year 2021 can be added. Guest Editors for various Thematic Units are also invited to apply. Editors of Thematic Units are also becoming automatically the status of Volume Editors. Guest Editors are responsible for a Thematic Unit with 3 – 5 contributions and an Introduction. For specific themes see the Main Issues proposed by the Editors for Volume 22 as presented in the International Call for Papers Volume 22 (2020). These proposals for themes are only examples. The Editors are open to further suggestions in the context of SDG 9..

The theme for volume 22 on “Sustainable Development Goal 9 (Infrastructure, Industrialization, Innovation) and African Development – Challenges and Opportunities” is related to the importance of Goal Nine in the context of the SDG Agenda 2030. SDG 9 is comprehensive and is focussing on “Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation”. The targets and indicators related to Sustainable Development Goal Nine focus on:

  1. a) developing quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure;
    b) promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and raising significantly industry’s share of employment;
    c) increasing the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises to financial services, and facilitating their integration into value chains and markets;
    d) upgrading infrastructure and retrofitting industries to make them sustainable in terms of resource-use efficiency and adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies; and
    e) enhancing scientific research, upgrading the technological capabilities of industrial sectors, and encouraging innovation.

Focus in SDG 9 is also on facilitating sustainable and resilient infrastructural development, on supporting domestic technology development, research and innovation, and on increasing access to information and communication technologies.

The contributions will add to the knowledge about the role of SDG 9 for sustainable development and inclusive growth in Africa. Understanding the links to the other 16 SDGs of the Agenda 2030 is of great importance when drafting contributions for volume 22 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook. The contributors should consider the links to, the spillovers from and the interactions with the other SDGs.



A new research and strategy paper on “Sudan in the 21st Century: Seeking Pathways Forward” was published as the number 43 in the SUDAN ECONOMY RESEARCH GROUP (SERG) DISCUSSION PAPERS series at the University of Bremen (see the link to the SERG series: Author is  Dr. Mohamed al Murtada Mustafa, Former Undersecretary of Labour, Ministry of Labour, Sudan and Former Director of ILO Offices in Harare and Cairo. The paper argues that for a successful reconstruction of the Sudanese economy five pillars are needed: education, entrepreneurship, agriculture, industry and management. These five pillars represent the main sectors and functional areas which must interact for inclusive growth to occur. Interaction depends on institutional reform and on a developmental role of the civil service. The separation of South Sudan in 2011 has fundamentally changed the situation of Sudan, and it is no longer possible to pursue uncoordinated, short-term and small-scale policy changes. Much more is needed – long-term structural strategies and deep policy changes must be implemented in Sudan. Fundamental reforms are proposed in the study and policy recommendations are presented for these five pillars.

Source: Dr. Mohamed al Murtada Mustafa, Khartoum, Sudan
The Strategic Pillars for Sudan’s Development

The author emphasizes also the fact that the Sudanese government has seen a great number of advisory and consultancy reports on economic strategies since 1956 when the country became independent. All these proposals and suggestions from donors, think tanks and international organisations were well-minded and valuable but were repetitive in content and never were implemented (neither by democratic governments nor by military regimes). Therefore, a new approach is needed by focussing on a developmental civil service and a new leadership for the country which is based on a broader group of policy actors – coming from all regions of the Sudan, from representative political circles and from significant parts of the civil society.  Such an approach is formulated in the new SERG study. Professor Karl Wohlmuth from the University of Bremen has peer-reviewed and re-edited the paper by Dr. Murtada. It will also be circulated in Arabic language by the author.

The new volume of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook – number 20 for the year 2018 – has also a strong strategic focus on Sudan; emphasis is on the strengthening of the National Innovation System (NIS) and the Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policies of Sudan (issue one), on developing new policies to support innovative industrial enterprises (issue two), on attracting foreign enterprises and stimulating the technology transfer to domestic firms (issue three), and on increasing the yield in agriculture through R&D and appropriate dissemination of research results to the farming sector (issue four). Over the years the African Development Perspectives Yearbook has published regularly on Sudan and South Sudan and so has participated actively to the discussion on new development strategies for these countries (see the link to the Yearbook editions: The research on Sudan by the SERG is summarized in the report on Sudan Studies in Bremen (see the link to number 38 on “Sudan Studies in Bremen 1979-2011”: Most of the papers published by  the SERG have a focus on strategies and policies to advance structural change in Sudan (and in South Sudan).


Advising on Global and African Studies: Reviews, Evaluations and Academic Activities

Professor Karl Wohlmuth has given advice to the Promotions Committee of the Federal University Of Technology in Akura, Nigeria. The Promotions Committee is responsible for the appointment of Professors and Associate Professors. Professor Wohlmuth was asked to evaluate candidates on the basis of their publications and overall qualifications for the position in question. It is a sophisticated multi-stages system of evaluation for the promotion to the rank of a Professor and an Associate Professor. Karl Wohlmuth was invited for this function by the Vice-President of the University and by the Head (Secretary) of the Promotions Committee. The Federal University of Technology is a leading University in Nigeria.

Also, Professor Wohlmuth has advised the Promotions Committees of the University of Khartoum (Sudan) and of the University of Juba (South Sudan) concerning appointments to Full Professorship. The University of Khartoum is on the way of reorganizing and strengthening its academic profile to regain the leading position which it had after independence among African universities. The University of Juba, as well as other universities in South Sudan, are still suffering because of the civil war in the country and the serious governance problems.

Professor Wohlmuth was also active as a reviewer of manuscripts, book proposals and articles for peer-reviewed journals. The Canadian Journal of  Development Studies asked him to review manuscripts. This journal is now a leading journal on development studies in North America. The UNU-WIDER Institute in Helsinki asked Professor Wohlmuth to review a contribution for an international journal. UNU-WIDER is the globally leading institute for development research. Professor Wohlmuth was also active for the Journal Of International Development, for the journal Comparative Economic Studies,  and for various African journals. Again, Professor Wohlmuth was asked to review proposals for book publications for the Economics Book Editions programme of Routledge Publishers.

Professor Wohlmuth was invited to advise a leading German multinational on issues of  Customer Assessment to Optimize Business Models in Africa. As there are increasing business relations with Africa, the role of different groups of customers (by size, sector, and country) is becoming more and more relevant. It is therefore important to optimize the business models in Africa accordingly. A preparatory group of the German multinational company is involved in writing the first draft of the assessment.

Professor Wohlmuth has given advice and was peer-reviewing a Strategy Document on Revitalizing Sudan which was written by Dr. Murtada Mustafa. The Strategy Document is emphasizing five core pillars (Education, Entrepreneurship, Agriculture, Industry, and Management/Civil Service), which are considered as the basis of a new development strategy for Sudan.  Dr. Murtada Mustafa was the first permanent Undersecretary of Labour in the government of Sudan. He has also had various leading functions in the International Labour Office (in Geneva, Harare, Cairo, and Khartoum). The Strategy Document will also be published in the Sudan Economy Research Group (SERG) Discussion Papers, and it will be circulated to policymakers inside and outside of Sudan. It will be published in English and in Arabic languages.

Professor Wohlmuth is also supporting and advising two Guest Researchers at the Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, University of Bremen: The agricultural economist Professor Reuben A. Alabi, Department Of Agricultural Economics, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria is in Bremen for the period 2015-2018, and the international economist Professor Chunji Yun from the Faculty of Economics, Seinan Gakuin University, Fukuoka-City, Japan is in Bremen for the period September 2017 to August 2018. For both researchers this is a further stay for research programmes, in cooperation with Professor Wohlmuth, at the University of Bremen and at IWIM. Both researchers have published in the various IWIM Publications Series. Further publications are expected from this research period.

Professor Alabi is doing researches on waste management and related value chains in Nigeria (comparing such value chains with the ones in Germany) and on aspects of the agricultural transformation in Nigeria. He is also these months working as a research fellow at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington D. C. in their African Department to do research and to give advice on the E-wallet fertilizer subsidy scheme which was introduced in Nigeria by Akinwumi A. Adesina, at that time the Nigerian agriculture minister who is now the President of the African Development Bank in Abidjan. It is the purpose of the assignment to the IMF to look at the possibilities of a wider use of the Nigerian E-wallet fertilizer subsidy scheme in other African countries. Professor Alabi and Professor Wohlmuth cooperate in Bremen on editions of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook concerning aspects of Nigeria’s economic and agricultural transformation. Most recently, Unit 2 of Volume 20  (a Unit is a collection of essays for a specific theme, introduced by the editors of the Unit) was finalized on “Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Agricultural Transformation in Nigeria”. A strategy was outlined on the basis of the  Unit 2 by Professors Alabi and Wohlmuth.

The researches by Professor Chunji Yun centre on the European integration process. He is interested in the fact that the European Union (EU) has 28 (later after Brexit 27) employment regimes and labour policies, so that cross-border investments by firms through global and regional value chains have implications for the national employment regimes and the still national labour markets. He investigates the implications of cross-border investments on nationally organized labour markets for two sectors (automobiles and electronics). He will analyse the different sectoral structures of the value chains which are demanding different types of labour by function at different levels of skills and at different places; these cross-border investments and value chains are then leading to quite different labour market outcomes. He concentrates in his research work on the cross-border investments of German companies in the Visegrad countries to study the repercussions of the changing value chains on the national labour markets and the national labour policies in Germany and in the four Visegrad countries. Because of the fact that Bremen is a centre of production networks, such as for automobiles and automotive parts, there is also the possibility for Professor Yun to visit production sites in Bremen. Professor Wohlmuth and Professor Chun have discussed the first research report in December 2017; the second research report is due in February 2018 for a further intensive discussion and review.


Sudan: From an oil-based economy to an agriculture-based and science-based economy?

Prominent Sudanese scientists from universities and research institutions in Sudan and at UNESCO Cairo and Professor Karl Wohlmuth from the University of Bremen are launching a new strategy for a transition of Sudan from an oil-based development path towards an agriculture-based and science-based development model. This is a part (Unit 2) of the forthcoming Volume 20 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook on “Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa. General Issues and Country Cases”. Professor Dr. Samia Satti Osman Mohamed Nour and Professor Karl Wohlmuth contributed an Introductory Essay to the theme under the title: “Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policies for Sudan’s Economic Revitalization - An Introduction”. The Unit 2 in Volume 20 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook with the title: “Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policies for Sudan’s Economic Revitalization”  has four additional essays. Professor Samia Satti Nour presents an analysis of the national innovation system (NIS) of Sudan, by focusing on three subsystems, the education institutions subsystem, the science & technology institutions subsystem, and the ICT institutions subsystem; the weaknesses of the NIS are highlighted and an agenda for action is proposed. She also presents in a second essay an analysis about innovative industrial firms in Sudan, focussing on two internationally active Sudanese conglomerates in the food industry, on two large-sized companies (belonging to the chemical and food industries) and on two medium-sized companies (belonging to the metal and textile industries). The purpose is to assess how innovative these companies really are and how they could improve their innovation performance. It is also measured by a new analytical approach how far away these companies are from the innovation frontier, and it is analysed what the government and the private sector can do to stimulate STI in the Sudanese companies.

Migdam E. Abdelgani, from the National Centre for Research (NCR), Environment, Natural Resources and Desertification Research Institute (ENDRI), and Nazar Mohamed Hassan, from the UNESCO Cairo Office, provide an essay on the impact of agricultural research on the agriculture yields in Sudan. ENDRI has recently launched the Environment and Natural Resources International Journal (ENRIJ), with volume 1 and number 1 published in 2016 (link:; ENDRI is a key research institution in Sudan. This essay is analysing the factors which are impeding yield increases in Sudan, but this essay is also using the example of the national crops campaigns in Egypt (such as for rice production increases) as a model of large-scale testing of agricultural research results in the field.

Finally, the Unit 2 on Sudan in Volume 20 presents an analysis by Mohammed Elhaj Mustafa Ali from the University of Kassala and the Sudan International University (SIU) about knowledge spillovers from foreign investors in Sudan to local companies. Although the oil-based growth in Sudan has attracted mainly investment for the oil sector, foreign investment was also incoming to supply the growing Sudanese consumption market and to invest in agriculture and services sectors of Sudan. The essay on knowledge spillovers from foreign direct investors to domestic firms in Sudan gives also an agenda of how to stimulate technology transfers from foreign firms to domestic firms.

In the Introductory Essay by Professor Samia Satti Nour and by Professor Karl Wohlmuth also an Agenda for Reforms aimed at Economic Revitalization through STI Development is presented. The Strategy proposed has short-term to medium-term to long-term implications for reforming institutions and policies. Professor Samia Satti Nour is a prominent researcher on STI development. She recently has obtained a full professorship at Khartoum University (see the PDFs of the Inaugural Lecture/ICT Development in Sudan and the Inaugural Lecture/Academic Profile of and Awards to Professor Samia Satti Nour, as well as the PDF on the Abstract in English and in Arabic of her Springer Book ICT in Sudan). Professor Wohlmuth was invited to attend the inaugural meeting at the University of Khartoum. Professor Samia Satti Nour is adviser to the African Development Perspectives Yearbook programme for Volume 20 and Co-editor of Volume 20. Recently she has presented a Policy Note on the multiple Digital Divides in Africa for The Nordic Africa Institute (see the PDF: NAI Policy Note).

Dr. Hassan Mohamed Nazar is also Co-editor of the Volume 20 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook. He is Senior Science and Technology Specialist for the Arab States in UNESCO’s Cairo Office since 2009. He has massively contributed to the Introductory Unit 1 for Volume 20 (together with Professor Karl Wohlmuth), and he has participated as a speaker at the Launch Event for volumes 18 and 19 of the Yearbook in Kigali, Rwanda in October 2016 at the invitation of UNECA. In the Unit 2 on Sudan for Volume 20 he contributed with an essay on the role of agricultural research for increasing agricultural yields in Sudan, an essay which was written in cooperation with Migdam E. Abdelgani.  Dr. Hassan Mohamed Nazar has also established the Sudan Knowledge (SK) Platform  to make the intellectual capacities of the Sudanese researchers and other experts and policymakers known more widely and to allow for a broader use of these capacities for development. The SK Platform is a strong network of researchers, policy makers, educators, consultants and employers from all parts of the world to exchange knowledge and experience and to discuss current developments and challenges. This Directory of Capacities of the Sudanese can be used to help find, support and collaborate with experts from the SK network. The Sudan Knowledge Network aims also to bring together researchers and experts from the Diaspora (see the various links:, and:, and:

Migdam E. Abdelgani, from the National Centre for Research (NCR), is known for his study (in cooperation with other Sudanese researchers) about “Potential Production and Application of Biofertilizers in Sudan”, published in the Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 9 (9), pp. 926-934, 2010 (link: These ideas are relevant for an agricultural transformation strategy which is part of the economic revitalization programme for Sudan.

Dr. Mohamed Elhaj Mustafa Ali, as the author on the essay about knowledge spillovers from foreign investors to domestic firms in Sudan, is lecturer at the University of Kassala and at the Sudan International University (link: He is expert on foreign direct investment in Sudan and has recently published a Policy Brief on the relevant issues of foreign investment in Sudan in Bremen at the SERG/IWIM platforms (see the PDF: Mustafa Ali -Policy Brief). He has also published a Policy Brief for the Economic Research Forum (ERF) in Cairo on “Measures to Protect Poor Sudanese Households from the Risks of Catastrophic Health Expenditures” (see the PDF: PB28-Mustafa Ali).

There are intentions to continue to cooperate in the future on the most important issues of STI development for Sudan. The Sudan Economy Research Group (SERG) Discussion Paper Series is still open for researchers from Sudan to publish on these most important issues (see the links to the series:, and:


A New Development Strategy for Sudan: “Sudan in the 21st Century - Seeking Pathways Forward”

The outline of a new development strategy for Sudan was prepared by Dr. Mohamed al Murtada Mustafa. Dr. Murtada was the first permanent Undersecretary for Labour in the Sudan, the Director of the African Regional Labour Administration Centre (ARLAC) for the English-speaking African countries in Harare, Zimbabwe, and then the Director of the International Labour Office in Egypt before retiring to academic and philanthropic endeavours in Khartoum. He was educated at Addis Ababa University, Harvard University, the University of Wisconsin, Northeastern University, and the International Institute for Labour Studies in Geneva. Dr. Murtada was an early collaborator of the Sudan Economy Research Group (SERG) in Bremen. He has supported the research work on Sudan in Bremen tremendously. Now he pays again tribute to his country by presenting to key policymakers the contours of a new development strategy for Sudan which is based on decades of experience as a civil service official and member of the Government of Sudan and as an employee and head of offices of the  ILO with working times in Khartoum, Geneva, Harare, and Cairo. Dr. Murtada has published in IWIM publication series, such as in the SERG Discussion Paper Series, but also in the IWIM Book Series (see the link to the IWIM Homepage, Publications:

The frame and the basic ideas for a new development strategy for Sudan are summarised below in the words of Dr.  Murtada (taken from the Strategy Paper, which will be published as the number 43 in the SERG Discussion Paper Series, with the links: and

The earliest studies by the International Labour Office (ILO) in conjunction with the Sudanese Government (Ministry of Labour) and the University of Bremen (SERG) in 1976 up to today repeat almost the same recommendations to enhance and improve the Sudanese economy. The recommendations were, just to mention some key ones: Improve infrastructure; develop industry; link agriculture to manufacturing; increase vocational and technical training; reform taxes to encourage industry and exports; support small industries, the vulnerable people, and remote regions; institute rule of law; ensure contract enforcement and transparency to encourage foreign investment;  and provide for sustainable economic policies via effective institutions and a responsible macroeconomic policy formation. Whether from lack of political will, leadership, economic means, or external financial investment, the neglect of all these recommendations along with conflict, civil war and international sanctions has continued to disintegrate the development options in the Sudan. After decades of conflict and civil war, the government of Sudan now faces the burden of reconstructing the country, the society and its economy, of repatriating internally displaced persons (IDPs) and providing training and jobs for them in urban and rural areas, also to replace redundant cattle-herding livelihoods and to initiate agricultural projects for food security in depleted environments. While the discovery of oil brought revenue before the great country of the Sudan split into two republics, the oil money was not properly used to expand and to develop the economy. The agricultural sector, the industrial sector, the civil service, and the education sector deteriorated from the satisfactory state they were left in by the British at independence. Although the country since independence has presented a lot of plans and programmes, implementation was always weak or non-existent.

This strategy paper by Dr. Murtada outlines changes which are necessary to get the economy back on track in five major sectors stemming from and supporting institutional revisions: education, entrepreneurship, agriculture, industry, and management. While the short-term and the long-term solutions are outlined, the Sudanese people themselves need to pull together, to stop competing for power and land, to produce and support fresh leaders, and to begin to consider the long-term conditions of the country for the good of its own people. The Strategy Paper is structured as follows: After the Introduction (section 1) the section 2 is on Building Capacity, Growth, and Employment through Education, with Recommendations for Education. The section 3 is on Combatting Unemployment, Promoting Growth through Entrepreneurship, with Recommendations for Entrepreneurship. Section. Section 4 is on Improving Growth and Employment through Agriculture, with Recommendations for Agriculture. The section 5 is on. Growth and Employment through Industry, with Recommendations for Industry. The section 6 is on Management, by Improving Civil Service, People, Goods, and Resources, with Recommendations for Management. Section 7  is on. Results of Past Efforts and Lessons Learned. The Section 8 is Towards a New Strategy. And the final section 9 is on Conclusions, followed by References on the history of policymaking in Sudan.             

Professor Karl Wohlmuth from the University of Bremen has given advice to the author during the process of finalizing the Strategy Paper and has peer-reviewed the paper. The research on Sudan and South Sudan is continuing at the University of Bremen (see the links to the websites: and:


Research Programme by Professor Chunji Yun in Bremen: Transforming the European Social and Economic Model in the Enlarged EU from a Viewpoint of the Production and Employment Regime

Professor Chunji Yun, Professor since 2010 at the Division of International Economics, Department of Economics, Seinan Gakuin University, Fukuoka City, Japan is since September 2017 Guest Researcher at the Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, University of Bremen; he will stay until August 2018. He was invited by Professor Karl Wohlmuth and the Dean, Professor Jochen Zimmermann, to do researches on the theme Transforming the European Social and Economic Model in the Enlarged EU from a Viewpoint of the Production and Employment Regime (see the synopsis of the research outline below under Research Purpose,..). This is the second research visit by Professor Yun in Bremen. Ten years ago Professor Yun was research fellow at IWIM for 18 months. He has published in the IWIM book series as number 13 (Link: on “Japan and East Asian Integration” and in the White Discussion Paper series as number 33 (Link: on “Production Network Development in Central/Eastern Europe and Its Consequences”. Based on these publications, Professor Yun was invited to international conferences and he was asked to submit papers for international publications. The contact between IWIM, University of Bremen and Professor Yun continued over the years.

Research Purpose, Analytical Standpoints, Previous Studies and Expected Research Results (a short summary of the Research Proposal):
With the deepening of the economic integration, and particularly since the recent Euro Crisis, there are heated debates over the social dimension of integration in Europe. The background of the discussion is if the European Union (EU) aims at an ‘Economic Europe’ or moves towards a reconstruction of a ‘Social Europe’. In this context, the research aims to analyse the transformative dynamics of economic and social models in the enlarged EU, by exploring how nationally organized employment regimes are forced to adapt to the deepening of an ‘Economic Europe’. More specifically, the national employment regimes are affected by changing cross-border production regimes which are characterized by processes of “fragmentation of production”, “global/regional production networks”, and “global value chains (GVC)”. Also, an investigation of the possibilities of reversing the ‘Race-to-the Bottom’ situation of social conditions within the EU is intended as part of the study.

The research will be carried out as mainly being based on two influential analytical perspectives, the “variety of capitalism” approach and the “global value chain” approach. The former approach has analysed various European economic and social models, focusing on the institutional complementarity among industrial relations, including collective bargaining, labour market flexibility or rigidity, the vocational training system, the financial system, and so on. This approach is also giving special attention to the interrelationships among the required skill specificity, the skill formation, employment and social protection systems, and the institutional comparative advantages of each national employment model. On the other hand, the latter approach, as a most influential analytical perspective on global manufacturing and service industries, has elaborated analyses of a cross-border division of labour featured as vertical specialization or vertical integration/disintegration. This latter approach is using a sophisticated methodology and is developing policy arguments for industrial upgrading within the hierarchical structure of the new international division of labour. And, most recently, its focal point is shifting from industrial upgrading to social upgrading/downgrading. The most important feature of the research is to figure out the interactions and/or the causal relations between GVC development within and beyond the enlarged EU and the transformation of economic and social models. 

Research Outcomes by February 2018: First Research Report is available, Second Research Report is forthcoming
Professor Yun has presented a first report on his researches in December 2017. The second research report is forthcoming in February 2018.

In the first research report from December 2017  Professor Yun discusses four themes:
1. Starting Point or Background of Research (first draft)
There is a discussion about two prevailing myths. The Myth 1 is related to the Eurozone Crisis considered as being due to fiscal profligacy and being a sovereign debt crisis right from the start. The Myth 2 refers to  the Eurozone Crisis as a crisis of (Unit Labour) cost competitiveness in combination with fiscal irresponsibility. These two arguments are evaluated.
2. Problematic Causal Chain of (Cost) Competitiveness, Imbalances, and Internal Devaluation (first draft)
There is a discussion of the role of the Unit Labour Cost (ULC), being considered as an a priori argument for labour market reform being inherent in the referred to competitiveness indicators. The drawbacks of the ULC analysis are presented. This is followed by a survey of recent researches on the regional imbalances in the EU.
3. The Germany-centred production network and the regional imbalances in the European Union (still work in progress)
There is a discussion on the contradictory neoclassical views on the German export surplus, then a discussion on the German position within the regional production networks (manifested by the GVCs), and finally a discussion on the changes occurring and the differences becoming visible in regard of Global Value Chain-GVC/ Global Production Network-GPN Structures.
4. Transforming the Employment Regime in terms of GVC/GPN: Germany and Visegrad (still work in progress)
The analysis starts with a discussion on social upgrading/downgrading in GVC-based development patterns, followed by an analysis of the erosion of the German Model interpreted as a Diversified Quality Production (DQP) model. Then the changes of this model are analysed, by looking at two kinds of modularization and the implications for the production networks, referring to the electronics and automotive sectors. Then for these two sectors the implications of the expanding production networks on the employment regimes are considered.

Professor Yun is doing intensively literature researches, but is also attending conferences, lectures and discussions with experts in the field. He is also considering to visit international enterprises which are located in Bremen, as these enterprises are valuable sources for information on global value chains (GVCs) and global production networks (GPNs) between Germany and the Visegrad countries. Professor Karl Wohlmuth is meeting regularly with Professor Yun for discussions of the issues. The study has high relevance also for the strategy of the German trade unions as globalization impacts differently on economic sectors in Germany.


Professor Reuben A. Alabi: Visiting Scholar at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to continue researches on the Electronic Fertilizer Subsidy Scheme of Nigeria

Professor Reuben Adeolu Alabi, Guest Researcher at the Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, University of Bremen, was invited by the African Department of IMF to do researches over February and March 2018 at the IMF Headquarters on The Pro-Poorness Of The Electronic Fertilizer Subsidy Programme And Its Implications On Food Security In Nigeria. Professor Alabi will continue his researches on the Electronic Fertilizer Subsidy Programme Nigeria (EFSPN) which he started in Bremen during his research stay since 2015. The EFSPN Scheme is considered as innovative and as a model for other African countries. It was introduced by Akinwumi Adesina, since 2015 acting as the President of the African Development Bank, in the time when he served as Nigeria's Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development. Until his appointment as Minister in 2010, he was Vice President of Policy and Partnerships for the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA).

The shortcomings associated with the fertilizer subsidy scheme led Nigeria to adopt the Growth Enhancement Subsidy Scheme (GESS) in 2011. In this scheme the private sector plays the role of supplying and distributing fertilizer, while the government is involved in the registration of the beneficiaries and the payment of 50% of the cost of fertilizer and of other agro-inputs received by the farmers. The scheme delivers subsidized agricultural inputs to farmers through an electronic wallet (e-wallet) system. With unique voucher numbers that are delivered to their phones, farmers then redeem their input allocation from accredited agro-dealers. It is expected that this scheme will improve agricultural input distribution and marketing. In addition, it should provide incentives to encourage actors along the fertilizer value chain to work together towards the common purpose of improving agricultural productivity, household food security, and income. The hope is that this would better serve the intended beneficiaries who are farmers and reduce the fiscal burden of a universal fertilizer subsidy from the government thus making it more effective. However, there is need to find out if this new scheme is pro-poor and to test its impact on the fertilizer use and the productivity of the farmers in Nigeria. Professor Alabi will continue his researches about the pro-poorness of the programme in Washington D.C. at the IMF Headquarters, and will advise the IMF staff on the relevance of the system for other African countries. The new fertilizer subsidy scheme of Nigeria is also revolutionizing the finance system in rural areas of Nigeria (see:

This analysis is part of the programme “Food Security and Agricultural Transformation in Nigeria” which is done by Professor Alabi in Bremen in cooperation with Professor Karl Wohlmuth, who is advising the research programme since 2015. The two professors have now finalized a Unit of Volume 20 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook on “Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policies for Agricultural Transformation in Nigeria”. The Unit on Nigeria has an Introduction written by the two professors on the issues, the contributions and the proposed strategy for Nigeria. New tools for agricultural transformation are considered, such as using indigenous agricultural technologies, developing Genetically Modified (GM) crops, and implementing Food Fortification strategies in Nigeria. A critical evaluation of these new tools is presented. Professor Alabi will continue his researches in Bremen until 2020. He has published widely in the IWIM publications series and he is acting as a co-editor of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook. Professor Wohlmuth supports the programme since 2015 as a senior adviser.


Blog: Der Verfall demokratischer Parteien und der Aufstieg populistischer Strömungen in der Eurozone. Ein Fallbeispiel

Der Bremer Wirtschaftsprofessor Karl Wohlmuth geht in seinem Blog auf den Verfall der SPD und auf die Lage der Sozialdemokratie in Europa ein. Die Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD) verliert an Zustimmung, obwohl die soziale Lage der prekären Einkommensbezieher sich nicht verbessert, ja teilweise sogar verschlechtert. Nicht nur in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, auch in anderen Ländern der Eurozone, verlieren sozialdemokratische Parteien schnell und stark an Gewicht, obwohl die Lage der Haushalte in den prekären Sektoren sich eher verschlechtert, ein Verfall der Position der Mittelklassen erkennbar wird, und die Rentierklassen (der reichsten 1% der Haushalte) große Einkommensgewinne erzielen. Vgl. den Blog von Karl Wohlmuth: Die Zukunft der SPD. Der Blog profitierte stark von den Debatten über die Dualökonomie in den OECD-Ländern bei der Edinburgh-Konferenz des Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET) im Oktober 2017. Das Institut wurde im Oktober 2009 in New York gegründet, um nach der Finanzkrise neue Denkansätze in der Volkswirtschaftslehre zu verankern.


“Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa" – this is the title of two forthcoming volumes of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook

"Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa" – this is the title of two forthcoming volumes of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook which are prepared now by a group of international experts. The Editorial Committee of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook has decided to split the scheduled volume 20 (for 2018) into two volumes, the volume 20 (for 2018) and the volume 21 (for 2019). This was considered as advisable because of the great number of high quality submissions of manuscripts to the Editors. While Volume 20 will consider Basic Issues of STI (Science, Technology and Innovation) policies in Africa and Country Cases for Sub-Saharan Africa, the Volume 21 will present Issues of Human Resources Development in the Digital Age, Country Cases for North Africa, and Book Reviews and Book Notes.

In Volume 20 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook essays on the linkages of inclusive growth, sustainable development and STI policies will be presented in the Introductory Unit. Also successful cases of STI development in Africa and STI systemic issues will be analysed. Focus countries are Sudan and Nigeria. Professor Samia Satti Nour, Khartoum University, Sudan and Professor Reuben A. Alabi, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria and currently Guest Researcher at IWIM/University of Bremen, were nominated as co-editors of the Units on Sudan and Nigeria and as Volume Editors; both have accepted the invitation. UNESCO Regional Science Policy Adviser Hassan Nazar, UNESCO Cairo Office, Egypt will be the co-editor of the Unit on Basic Issues of STI policies in Africa.

For Volume 21 (2019) essays are prepared for a Unit on Human Resources Development in Africa in the Digital Age, based on case studies for Cameroon and Nigeria. Country cases in North Africa are Egypt, Tunisia and Algeria. As usual, a strong Unit on Book Reviews and Book Notes rounds up the Volume 21. Again, UNESCO Regional Science Policy Adviser Hassan Nazar, UNESCO Office Cairo, Egypt will be the co-editor of the Unit on North Africa. Professor Achim Gutowski is again responsible for the Unit with Book Reviews and Book Notes. Professor Tobias Knedlik as the Managing Editor and Professor Karl Wohlmuth as the Scientific Co-ordinator are the other volume editors for the two forthcoming issues.

The African Development Perspectives Yearbook has over the decades - the first volume has appeared in 1989 – become the major English-language publication on Africa in Germany. The response to the annual International Calls for Papers is huge, with an increasing interest on the side of African experts and experts from international and regional African organisations. UNCTAD/ Geneva, UNESCO/ Cairo, and the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF)/Nairobi, Kenya are the institutional cooperation partners for these two volumes. UNECA in Kigali, Rwanda has organized the book launch for the volumes 18 and 19 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook in October 2016. This was a great event, with TV appearances in 48 African countries. The Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen, which is editing the Yearbook, is also involved in researches, advisory work, and training activities. In 2019 the Research Group will celebrate the "30 years birthday ceremony" of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook.


25. Internationales Wirtschafts-, Wissenschafts- und Werteforum, 11. – 13. Oktober 2017 in der Bremischen Bürgerschaft und im Rathaus zu Bremen

Das 25. Internationale Wirtschafts-, Wissenschafts- und Werteforum findet vom 11.-13. Oktober 2017 in der Bremischen Bürgerschaft und im Rathaus zu Bremen statt. Die Deutsche Gesellschaft für angewandte Wissenschaften e. V. (DGAW) veranstaltet ihre 25. internationale wissenschaftliche Tagung zum Thema "Strategische Perspektiven 2050 – Europa im Spannungsfeld geopolitischer, geoökonomischer, geotechnologischer und geokultureller Entwicklungen". Gerade in Zeiten wachsender Globalisierungsskepsis und -kritik ist es wichtig, die neuen Herausforderungen an die Gestaltung der Globalisierung zu thematisieren. Professor Karl Wohlmuth wird im Themenbereich "Geoökonomische Entwicklungen" einen Vortrag zu den Perspektiven der globalen Armutsbekämpfung halten (vgl. PDF DGAW-WWW) halten: Über die Ergebnisse der 24. internationalen Tagung wurde ein Tagungsband mit einer Auswahl von Vorträgen veröffentlicht, herausgegeben von Professor Dr. Heinz-Jürgen Scheibe (vgl. PDF DGAW-Band 12). Der Beitrag von Professor Karl Wohlmuth zu den Perspektiven der Welternährung ist in dem Band enthalten.


40 Jahre Demokratische Arabische Republik Sahara – DARS

Aus der Mitteilung der Bremischen Bürgerschaft zur Festveranstaltung am Freitag, 26. Februar 2016, um 15 Uhr (Link:

Seit über 40 Jahren hoffen die Menschen in der West-Sahara auf ein Leben in einem unabhängigen Staat. Nach der Gründung des Exilstaates Demokratische Arabische Republik Sahara (DARS) am 27. Februar 1976 führte die Frente Polisario einen bewaffneten Kampf gegen Marokko. Hunderttausende Sahrauis flohen; in West-Algerien nahe der Grenzstadt Tindouf leben in vier großen Lagern rund 160.000 Menschen. 1991 kam es zu einem Waffenstillstand gegen die Zusage, über das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Sahrauis mit einem UN-geführten Referendum zu entscheiden. Die UN-Friedensmission MINURSO wurde damit 1992 beauftragt. Bis heute ist den Sahrauis das Referendum verweigert worden. Mit einer Festveranstaltung will die Bremische Bürgerschaft zusammen mit dem biz – Bremer Informationszentrum für Menschenrechte und Entwicklung und dem Verein Freiheit für die Westsahara an den 40. Jahrestag der Gründung des Exilstaates erinnern und für das Referendum werben. Christian Weber, Präsident der Bremischen Bürgerschaft und Schirmherr des Kuratoriums des Vereins Freiheit für die Westsahara, lädt herzlich zur Festveranstaltung im Festsaal des Hauses der Bürgerschaft ein.

Seither hat sich die Lage der Sahrauis zumindest politisch erheblich verändert. Der Europäische Gerichtshof hat festgestellt, dass Handelsabkommen zwischen der EU und Marokko nicht die Westsahara einschließen (vgl. die Stellungnahme der einflussreichen amerikanischen Juristenvereinigung: PDF DARS-Frente Polisario). Aus der Stellungnahme der amerikanischen Juristen "Western Sahara is not part of the Kingdom of Morocco the European Union Court of Justice says": "On 21 December 2016, the Grand Chamber of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) decided that the Association agreement and the Liberalisation agreement between the EU and Morocco was not applicable to Western Sahara." Es geht nun darum, den Kampf für die Erlangung der staatlichen Unabhängigkeit der West-Sahara zu verstärken. Die diesbezüglichen Initiativen des Vereins Freiheit Für Die Westsahara e. V. (vgl. dazu den regelmäßig erscheinenden Newsletter: PDF 2017 _06 Newsletter) sind international vernetzt und zeigen Wirkung.

Professor Karl Wohlmuth beschäftigt sich seit 2016 mit dem Wirtschaftspotential der West-Sahara und hat vorgeschlagen, eine von der Frente Polisario veranstaltete internationale Wirtschaftskonferenz West-Sahara abzuhalten, um das Wirtschaftspotential der West-Sahara und die Möglichkeiten der Nutzung dieses Potentials für die Bevölkerung der West-Sahara aufzuzeigen. Eine Skizze dazu liegt vor.


Hochrangige chinesische Delegation aus der Provinz Tianjin informiert sich über Strategien der Innovation und der industriellen Entwicklung in Deutschland (Montag, 4. 7. bis Montag, 11. 7. 2016, IGC Hochschule Bremen)

Das International Graduate Center (IGC) der Hochschule Bremen bietet seit Jahren erfolgreich Weiterbildungen für Mitarbeiter chinesischer Unternehmen sowie von Landes- und Kommunalverwaltungen an. Professor Karl Wohlmuth hat an einigen dieser Veranstaltungen als Referent teilgenommen. Auch zu dieser Veranstaltung ist Professor Wohlmuth eingeladen, um Vorträge zu Innovationsstrategien in Bremen und Deutschland zu halten. Interessensschwerpunkte der Expertengruppe aus der Provinz Tianjin sind: Gegenwärtiger Zustand und Entwicklungsprozesse der deutschen Fertigungsindustrie; Industrie 4.0 in Deutschland; und Erfahrungen mit Methoden der Umstrukturierung und Modernisierung der Industrie in Deutschland. Professor Wohlmuth hat bisher in dem Programm zu Fragen der Nationalen Innovationssysteme in Deutschland und Bremen im Vergleich zu den Nationalen Innovationssystemen in der VR China und in deren Provinzen referiert; auch über langfristige Innovationsstrategien in Deutschland und in China hat Professor Wohlmuth berichtet (vgl. dazu den Link:


Launch Event in Kigali, Rwanda in October 2016: Book Launches in the Kigali Convention Centre for Volumes 18 and 19 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook

UNECA (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa) and the University of Bremen (Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen) will launch the two recent volumes of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook in a three days ceremony in Kigali, Rwanda (see Launch of Yearbook). Speakers from the United Nations (UNECA, UNESCO, UNCTAD), from the Government of Rwanda (Ministry of EAC Integration, Central Bank of Rwanda), from Universities in Rwanda, Representatives from Media, Authors of the two editions, and the Management Staff of the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen will launch in their statements the new volumes (see the Flyers: Wohlmuth Cover Band 18 and Cover Volume 19).

A Press Conference on Day One, a Scientific Workshop on Day Two, Visits to present the volumes at the Universities in Kigali and a Visit to the Genocide Memorial on Day Three are part of the programme (see the Preliminary Programme of the Launch Event as a Launch of Yearbook). Ms. Valentine Rugwabiza, Minister of East African Community Integration, Republic of Rwanda, will give the Keynote Presentation to launch the new editions of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook. Various Staff from the Ministry will have official functions in the event. Andrew Mold, Acting Director, UNECA for Eastern Africa, the Mastermind of the Event, will lead through the Event. Professor Karl Wohlmuth, Director of the Research Group on African Development Perspectives, intends to publish a Documentation following the event in Kigali, Rwanda.


How The Military And Other Armed Groups Profit In The MENA Region, with a Case Study on Sudan

A new study edited by Elke Grawert and Zeinab Abul-Magd highlights the role of "Businessmen in Arms" for the MENA region (including countries such as Egypt, Pakistan, Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Sudan, Yemen, Libya, and Syria). The comparative study was published by Rowman & Littlefield (See Contents and Cover). The contribution on Sudan was done by Professor Atta El-Battahani, a long-term co-operator of IWIM during the years of IWIM's "Governance and Social Action in Sudan" project. The project lasted over five years and was supported by the Volkswagen Foundation; it was directed by Karl Wohlmuth and Elke Grawert. Elke Grawert is now Senior Researcher with BICC/Bonn International Center for Conversion in Bonn and Senior Lecturer at the University of Bonn (Link: ). In this book the role of military businesses, the economic interests of retired military officers, and the web of funding of non-state armed groups in these countries are analysed.

In the chapter on Sudan, a broad historical overview of the interactions between military and businesses is presented and the political consequences of the transformation of the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) are outlined. The role of the military in the various political regimes and phases of development in Sudan (up to the oil export economy since 1999 and the South Sudan separation in 2011) are presented. See the excerpts from the contribution by Professor Atta El-Battahani in the book (Link) and the related short study "The Sudan Armed Forces and Prospects of Change" which was worked out for CMI/Chr. Michelsen Institute in Bergen (Link: ). The "CMI Insight" concludes that the current regime has led to ambiguous effects with regard to SAF; it expanded SAF's role in the economy and in business, while at the same time it weakened it as a professional army. The consequence is that these features make predicting which role the military may take in political affairs of Sudan in the future very difficult.


“Aviation in Africa” & 13th Aviation Student Research Workshop

In cooperation with Airneth, G.A.R.S. and the Hogeschool van Amsterdam, the Centre for Public Management (zep) of the City University of Applied Sciences Bremen (HSB) hosts the First Workshop on Aviation in Africa and the Annual G.A.R.S. Student Research Workshop. Professor Karl Wohlmuth will give a presentation on "New Growth and Poverty Alleviation Strategies – Spatial Development Matters" in the Session I "New Strategies for Inclusive Economic Growth in Africa I" on Thursday, June 30th 2016, 9:15 – 10:45, Venue: City University AS Bremen, Werderstraße 73. Professor Wohlmuth will also participate at Session V: Panel Discussion: Air Transport and Inclusive Growth for Africa; the panelists are: Robert Kappel (GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg), Karl Wohlmuth (University of Bremen), Ken Button (George Mason University), and Nicole Adler (Hebrew University). The Panel will be chaired by Ofelia Betancor, Univer. de Las Palmas. See the Programme Details: PDF Preliminary Bremen Workshop Programme


“Long-Term Processes of Socio-Economic Development”

On November 20-21, 2015, researchers and international experts on socio-economic processes in national economies met in Hanover, Germany, for a Herrenhausen Conference. With its Herrenhausen Conferences the Volkswagen Foundation provides international experts as well as junior researchers with a platform for an intensive interdisciplinary dialogue on exciting new areas of research and innovative methodological approaches. Starting form the question "Why are we so rich and they so poor?" (a phrase attributed to David Landes) the conference attempted to answer the question by calling for a better understanding of long-term processes of economic development. Crises in the world economy show that economic development is not a relatively stable process of growth. In reality socio-economic development processes by no means follow long-term, relatively stable paths of equilibrium. These processes are subject to upheavals, asynchronies, and asymmetries and give now and then rise to crises of varying severity and duration.

In three Sessions the work was structured:

Session 1: Determinants of Long-run Development and Global Differences in Economic Performance

Session 2: Transitions and Crises as Determinants of Development?

Session 3: Learning for the Future: The Role of Demographic Change, Preferences, Culture and Experience

Professor Karl Wohlmuth from the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen was invited by the Volkswagen Foundation to attend this important conference in Hanover. The Conference gave impulses to his work on Perspectives of African Development and the Role of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) as a Driver of Global Development.

The Documentation of the Conference shows how rich the event in Hanover was:

The Conference Documentation of "Long-Term Processes of Socio-Economic Development" can be accessed via:

The Programme can be accessed via:

The Summary Report can be accessed via:


Is Islamic Banking Good for Growth in Africa? What About Islamic Microfinance in Africa?

Professor Badr El Din A. Ibrahim, President of the Microfinance Unit at the Central Bank of Sudan, a former IWIM guest professor who has published the studies with the numbers 34 and 35 in SERG (Sudan Economy Research Group) Discussion Papers, discusses why Shari'ah-compliant financing is key. He considers in a two-part series the perspectives on Islamic, or interest-free, microfinance (see PDF BA25 and PDF BA 26). Badr El Din A. Ibrahim writes (p. 35, The Case for Islamic Microfinance in Africa): "Interest-free finance can capture un-tapped microfinance opportunities arising in the continent that the conventional approach cannot. This conviction is not unfamiliar as interest-free microfinance is a new concept in African countries such as Ghana, Tanzania and Kenya, to name a few. And as the IMF paper (see source IMF 2014 below) pointed out, Sub Saharan Africa's growing middle class, combined with its young population, is an opportunity for interest-free finance to expand its services in Africa side-by side with conventional banking.

Access to Badr El Din A. Ibrahim's essays in Banker Africa:

Microfinance Part 1:
Microfinance Part 2:
Sarah Owermohle, Editor, Banker Africa,

Other relevant contributors to the debate on Islamic Banking and Growth in Africa:

IMF Working Paper, 2014, African Department, Islamic Finance in Sub-Saharan Africa: Status and Prospects, Prepared by Enrique Gelbard, Mumtaz Hussain, Rodolfo Maino, Yibin Mu, and Etienne B. Yehoue, IMF: Washington D.C., August 2014
Web Access:

IMF/International Monetary Fund, 2015, WP/15/81, IMF Working Paper African Department, Is Islamic Banking Good for Growth? Prepared by Patrick Imam and Kangni Kpodar, IMF: Washington D.., April 2015
Web Access:

CGAP (Consultative Group to Assist the Poor), Microfinance Gateway
Web Access:

A.T. Kearney, Inc., 2012, The Future of Islamic Banking, A.T. Kearney, Inc.
Web Access:

All these contributions show that it is necessary to study carefully the role of Islamic Banking and of Islamic Microfinance for inclusive growth in Africa so as to reach the poor and the vulnerable. Islamic Microfinance may have a role in poverty reduction which is not yet assessed properly. SERG will continue to cooperate with Professor Badr El Din A. Ibrahim on these important issues.


„Transformative Regional Integration In Africa” – The Theme of the New Volume 18 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook

Volume 18 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook for 2015/16 was released by the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen. In this Volume 18 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook with the title "Africa's Progress in Regional and Global Economic Integration – Towards Transformative Regional Integration" major strategic and policy issues are analyzed. The guiding issue is how to make regional integration in Africa more transformative. So far regional integration in Africa was based on a conventional (linear) model, starting from preference zones and then moving to free trade areas, customs unions, monetary and economic zones, etc. This volume presents a new and integrated approach for regional integration in Africa. Essays and country cases are presented to highlight the issues.

See the Flyer for Volume 18: PDF Wohlmuth-Cover Band 18

Complementary to Volume 18 is Volume 19 with the title "Africa's Progress in Regional and Global Economic Integration – Towards New Trade and Investment Policies". Two major issues are discussed – first, the role of "New Trade Policies in Africa for Structural Change" and second, the role of "New Investment Policies in Africa for Structural Change". The contribution to a more transformative regional integration agenda for Africa is presented. Volume 19 for 2017 is due to appear in September 2016.


Wissenschaftsblog: Die strategische Rolle der Universitäten in Tunesien

Professor Karl Wohlmuth hat einen Wissenschaftsblog zum Thema "Die strategische Rolle der Universitäten in Tunesien" verfasst. Der Professor geht auf die Rolle der Universitäten in Tunesien bei der Wirtschaftsreform und der Reindustrialisierung ein. Obwohl die Universitäten selbst unter erheblichem Reformdruck stehen, wird dennoch ein Beitrag dieser Institutionen zur Dynamisierung der tunesischen Wirtschaftsstruktur erwartet. Vgl. zu dem Blog: Wohlmuth, Karl, 2016, Die strategische Rolle der Universitäten in Tunesien, Impulse - Der Wissenschaftsblog, Universität Bremen, Webaccess:

IMPULSE – Der Wissenschaftsblog
Der Wissenschaftsblog der Universität Bremen ist mit der erste seiner Art: Ein Blog, auf dem Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler fachübergreifend und aus ihrer Perspektive über ihre Forschung berichten.
IMPULSE – Der Wissenschaftsblog stellt wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse und Zusammenhänge für die Öffentlichkeit verständlich dar. Interessierte Bürgerinnen und Bürger haben durch die Kommentarfunktion die Möglichkeit, direkt Kontakt zum Autor aufzunehmen und darüber möglicherweise sogar neue Fragestellungen und damit Impulse an die Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler zu geben.


Advising On Africa: Evaluating Research Proposals, Book Proposals, Reviewing Journal Articles, and Evaluating Study Programmes

In recent months Professor Karl Wohlmuth has done a number of evaluations and reviews, of book proposals, book manuscripts, and book endorsements (for Routledge International Publishers, Palgrave Macmillan Publishers, and Oxford University Press), of journal articles (for prestigious Comparative Economic Studies and for African journals), and of research projects (so for the Innovation and Technology Analysis (ITA) initiative of the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) in Berlin). Also, Professor Wohlmuth was active in evaluating international Bachelor and Master study programmes at German universities and of Dual Higher Study Programmes (combining higher education with practical work in enterprises). Professor Karl Wohlmuth was also invited to support International MBA Programmes with regard of Master Theses on Africa-related Business and Economics Issues.


Professor Karl Wohlmuth arbeitet an einer neuen UN-Studie über Afrikas Industrialisierungsprozesse im digitalen Zeitalter mit

Eine Expertengruppe der UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization)  in Wien arbeitet an einer internationalen Studie zu Afrikas Perspektiven der industriellen Entwicklung im digitalen Zeitalter. Der Bremer Wirtschaftsprofessor Karl Wohlmuth ist auch in der Expertengruppe aktiv und bearbeitet die Fragen der technologischen Herausforderungen einer industriellen Entwicklung in Afrika im Kontext digitaler Innovationsprozesse, digitaler Produktentwicklung und digitaler Produktion. Obwohl die diesbezüglichen Verhältnisse und Entwicklungspotentiale in den afrikanischen Ländern sehr unterschiedlich sind, wird dennoch versucht, einen angepassten Handlungsrahmen für Strukturtransformation und Industriepolitik im digitalen Zeitalter zu erarbeiten. Der Bremer Wirtschaftsprofessor arbeitet als Konsulent und Lead Author an dem UN-Projekt in Wien mit. Der Bremer Professor ist seit 2004 an Afrikaprojekten der UNIDO, der Organisation der Vereinten Nationen für industrielle Entwicklung, beteiligt (vgl. zu den UNIDO-Studien über Potentiale der agro-industriellen Entwicklung in Afrika seit 2008 unter Beteiligung von Professor Karl Wohlmuth den Link: ).

Im Rahmen einer im Dezember 2014 fertiggestellten Background Study (vgl. den Link zu Publikationen von Karl Wohlmuth: ) analysierte der Bremer Professor die Möglichkeiten, die Akkumulation von technologischen Fähigkeiten in Afrika durch digitale Medien zu beschleunigen. Ausgangspunkt war die Analyse der technologischen Heterogenität in Afrika, die sich in Bezug auf alle wichtigen Technology Capability Indicators zeigt.  Die technologischen Fähigkeiten zur digitalen industriellen Produktion können auch in Afrika durch struktur- und innovationspolitische Maßnahmen gestärkt werden, doch sind dabei die globalen techno-ökonomischen Veränderungen mit den vorhandenen technologischen Potentialen und den existierenden Innovationssystemen in Einklang zu bringen. Die digitalen Kompetenzen und die technologischen Fähigkeiten in afrikanischen Unternehmen können aber nur dann erweitert werden, wenn beim Aufbau nationaler und regionaler Innovationssysteme in Afrika Anpassungen an die veränderten Anforderungen erfolgen. Insbesondere können die verschiedenen Pole des nationalen Innovationssystems durch ökonomische Anreize besser vernetzt werden.

In mehreren Case Studies wird von Professor Wohlmuth aufgezeigt, dass dies durchaus auch in weniger entwickelten afrikanischen Ländern möglich ist. Eine Agenda für den Aufbau technologischer Kompetenzen im Kontext digitaler industrieller Produktion wird präsentiert. Auch auf neue Entwicklungen im Bereich von „open innovation“ und 3D printing wird eingegangen. Neue industrielle Entwicklungsmodelle, so etwa das Re-Manufacturing, das Green Manufacturing, die Digitalisierung des Informal Economy Manufacturing, und neue Aus- und Weiterbildungsmodelle, insbesondere für die industrielle Produktion im informellen Sektor, spielen dabei eine immer größere Rolle. Eine gekürzte Version dieser Studie wird in einer UNIDO-Buchpublikation erscheinen.


Ein neues Forschungsprojekt (2015 - 2017) startet in Bremen unter der Leitung von Professor Reuben A. Alabi zum Thema:"Environment and Development Management Germany-Nigeria: Improving and Adapting Waste Management Value Chains"

Professor Reuben A. Alabi, IWIM's Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow, leitet von Januar 2015 bis Dezember 2017 das Forschungsprojekt "Environment and Development Management Germany-Nigeria: Improving and Adapting Waste Management Value Chains". Der nigerianische Professor wird das international finanzierte Projekt an der Exzellenzuniversität Bremen durchführen. Erfahrungen mit den deutschen Wertschöpfungsketten im Bereich der Abfallwirtschaft sollen für die Umwelt- und Entwicklungspolitik in Nigeria nutzbar gemacht werden. Eine Kooperation mit deutschen und nigerianischen Unternehmen und zwischen deutschen und nigerianischen Universitäten ist im Projekt vorgesehen. Der nigerianische Professor wird in Bremen und in Nigeria regelmäßig über den Fortgang des Projektes in Seminaren und in Workshops berichten. Der Bremer Wirtschaftsprofessor Karl Wohlmuth ist als Konsulent und Senior Adviser im Projekt tätig. Die Forschungsgruppe Afrikanische Entwicklungsperspektiven Bremen unterstützt das Forschungsvorhaben und wird in einer Ausgabe des "Jahrbuchs Afrikanische Entwicklungsperspektiven" über die Forschungsergebnisse und deren Umsetzung in Nigeria berichten.


A New Three Year (2015 - 2017) Research Project on Environment and Development Management Germany-Nigeria was launched in Bremen by Professor Reuben A. Alabi

Professor Reuben A. Alabi, an Associate Professor at the Department of Agricultural Economics of Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria and a former Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow at IWIM, is the director of a new research project for the coming years 2015-2017 on the theme "Environment and Development Management Germany-Nigeria: Improving and Adapting Waste Management Value Chains". The Nigerian Professor has brought this internationally financed research project to the Excellence University of Bremen. Experiences with German value chains in waste management will be analysed and used for evidence-based reforms in Nigeria. A cooperation with German and Nigerian enterprises in the field of waste management is envisaged and also a cooperation between German and Nigerian universities and research institutes being active in the field. The Nigerian professor will also organize workshops in Bremen and in Nigeria to report on the research results and on the policy recommendations. Economics Professor Karl Wohlmuth is working as a consultant and senior adviser in this project. The Research Group on African Development Perspectives supports the researches. It is envisaged to publish volume 20 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook on the theme of "Energy and Sustainable Development in Africa" using also material from the research project.


Fact Finding Mission (FFM) by Economists from Bremen to Tunis: Cooperation with ENIT University in Tunis and with leading STI Institutions in Tunisia Envisaged

A Fact Finding Mission (FFM) to Tunisia took place in November 2014 at the invitation of Professor Ezzine, President of the Tunisian Society for the Advancement of Science, Technology and Innovation. Participants were three members of the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen (Professor Hans-Heinrich Bass, Bremen; Professor Achim Gutowski, Hamburg; and Professor Karl Wohlmuth, Bremen) and from the Cultural Sciences Professor Dr. Cordula Weisskoeppel, University of Bremen. Also a young scientist from the University of Applied Sciences Bremen (from a research working group of Professor Bass) participated as a member of the team; he was responsible for drafting the Minutes. The Fact Finding Mission (FFM) gave the opportunity to study Tunisia's National Innovation System, to discuss with representatives of Tunisian government institutions and of Higher Education and STI institutions, and to meet ENIT university staff being responsible for new study and research programmes. There was also time to discuss about the future cooperation with Professor Ezzine and his team, especially on the new study programme Engineering and Technology Policy (ETP). It was agreed to support the programme when it starts in September 2015 in Tunis, by Summer Courses, Scientific Conferences, and by specifically developed lecture modules on innovation policies. This first phase of the cooperation between Bremen and Tunis was financed by the DAAD. Professor Bass, University of Applied Sciences Bremen, was the main applicant. Further already scheduled programme components for 2015 are a Seminar in Bremen on Bremen's Regional Innovation System and a Science, Technology, Industry and Innovation (STII) Policy Research Conference in Tunis.


The Delegations from Bremen and Tunis during their Meetings

Professor Jelel Ezzine, President of the Tunisian Association for the Advancement of Science, Technology and Innovation (TAASTI), Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis (ENIT), University of Tunis El-Manar (UTM), has invited the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen to cooperate on the development of a Master Degree Programme in Engineering and Technology Policy (ETP) and on the establishment of an African Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy Institute as well as on the creation of a Pan-African Innovation Ecosystem (PAIES). Tunisia’s success of its economic transformation process is dependent on progress in making STI a major force of growth and development. 

Of great interest and importance for the two delegations was the meeting with ADEA (Association for the Development of Education in Africa) staff in the African Development Bank Headquarters Building in Tunis. Representatives from ADEA, the University of Bremen, the University of Applied Sciences Bremen and from ENIT University discussed about ICT education and innovation policies in Africa, about the African Development Perspectives Yearbook Project, and about a cooperation between these institutions towards establishing the ETP programme at ENIT from September 2015 onwards (see the report by ADEA about the meeting: Various reports on the FFM to Tunis were published in Bremen in newspapers (see PDF) and also in online journals like The European (Web Access: ""). The two Universities in Bremen reported about the event (see for the Hochschule Bremen: and for the University of Bremen: See also the Photo Gallery for the FFM to Tunis (Photo Gallery). The Minutes of the FFM to Tunis are now available and can be sent upon request to interested experts intending to cooperate with universities in Tunisia.



Towards Sustainable Science, Technology, Industry, and Innovation (STII) Policies in Tunisia – A Cooperation between the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen and Tunisian Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Institutions

Professor Jelel Ezzine, President of the Tunisian Association for the Advancement of Science, Technology and Innovation (TAASTI), Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis (ENIT), University of Tunis El-Manar (UTM), has invited the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen to cooperate on the development of a Master Degree Programme in Engineering and Technology Policy (ETP) and on the establishment of an African Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy Institute as well as on the creation of a Pan-African Innovation Ecosystem (PAIES). Tunisia’s success of its economic transformation process is dependent on progress in making STI a major force of growth and development.

A Fact Finding Mission to Tunisia will take place in November 2014. Participants are three members of the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen (Professor Hans-Heinrich Bass, Bremen; Professor Achim Gutowski, Hamburg; and Professor Karl Wohlmuth, Bremen) and from the Cultural Sciences Professor Dr. Cordula Weisskoeppel, University of Bremen. Also two young scientists from the University of Applied Sciences Bremen (from a research working group of Professor Bass) will participate as members of the team. The Fact Finding Mission will give the opportunity to study Tunisia’s National Innovation System, to discuss with representatives of Tunisian government institutions and of Higher Education and STI institutions. There will also be time to discuss about the future cooperation with Professor Ezzine and his team. This first phase of the cooperation is financed by the DAAD. Professor Bass, University of Applied Sciences Bremen,  was the main applicant.  Further already scheduled programme components for 2015 are a STII Summer School in Bremen and a STII Research Conference in Tunis.


Abgehängtes Schwellenland?

„Südafrika braucht dringend starke Reformen“

Interview mit Professor Dr. Karl Wohlmuth zu den wirtschaftlichen Perspektiven Südafrikas; vgl. Web Access:


Jubiläum des „Jahrbuchs Afrikanische Entwicklungsperspektiven“: Pressemitteilung der Universität Bremen

Vor 25 Jahren erschien der erste Band des „African Development Perspectives Yearbook“ mit dem Titel „Human Dimensions of Adjustment“. Die Forschungsgruppe Afrikanische Entwicklungsperspektiven Bremen feiert ihr Jubiläum und arbeitet intensiv an den Projekten für die kommenden Jahre. Das „Jahrbuch Afrikanische Entwicklungsperspektiven“ erscheint seit 1989 als englischsprachige Publikation („African Development  Perspectives Yearbook“). In diesen 25 Jahren ist das Jahrbuch zu einer international anerkannten Quelle für Information und Analyse zu Afrikas Entwicklungsperspektiven geworden. Beiträge in den Jahrbüchern finden immer wieder die Aufmerksamkeit von Experten in internationalen Organisationen wie auch in nationalen Entwicklungsinstitutionen. Im Jubiläumsjahr 2014 sind sogar zwei Bände des Jahrbuchs erschienen. Beide Bände haben das Thema „Makroökonomische Politikgestaltung in Afrika“. Im ersten Band geht auf die allgemeinen Grundlagen der makroökonomischen Politikgestaltung in Afrika und auf die makroökonomische Politikgestaltung in den Ländern des „Arabischen Frühlings“ in Nordafrika ein. Im zweiten Band werden vergleichende Länderstudien für einige Sub-Sahara-Länder Afrikas und Regionalstudien präsentiert. Im Rahmen dieser beiden Bände wird ein neuer makroökonomischer Strategieansatz für Afrika entwickelt, der auf fünf Säulen beruht.

Die Universität Bremen weist in einer Pressemitteilung auf die Bedeutung dieser Publikation hin (Link: und PDF ). Vgl. auch den Bericht zu dem Projekt in Kooperation international/Eine Initiative vom Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (Link: und PDF ).


Programme XVII. Humanitarian Congress Berlin

The Humanitarian Congress Berlin is an international platform for exchanging information, experiences and ideas of humanitarian aid. Each year the Congress brings together experts from medical, humanitarian and international organizations, politics, media as well as a large number of students from different subject areas.

Time: Friday, 9 October 2015

See details about the event at the website:

The Congress Theme für 2014 was: Protection: A Broken Promise?,
Dates of Congress: Berlin, 10-11 October 2014


Chinesische Alumni-Gruppe des MIER trifft sich in Shanghai

Herr Yanbing Mao hat in Bremen den Master of International Economic Relations (MIER) erworben und organisiert die Arbeit der chinesischen Alumni der Bremer Universität (vgl. seinen Bericht: PDF Newsletter Dezember 2014). Die Alumni-Gruppe aus dem MIER-Programm trifft sich hin und wieder in Shanghai.

Der Bericht von Herrn Yanbing Mao findet sich auf Seite 2 im Newsletter, Dezember 2014 von Community bremen Alumni Netzwerk

Herr Yanbing Mao, Alumni des MIER-Programms
der Universität Bremen, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft


Workshop im Rahmen der Erweiterung von Bremer Leitlinien zur Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Workshop: Im Rahmen eines Workshops wurden Leitlinien für die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit von Bremen mit Afrika erarbeitet (vgl. das Ergebnisprotokoll-PDF). Professor Dr. Karl Wohlmuth schlug vor, den Aspekt der afrikanischen Diaspora-Unternehmen aufzugreifen und ausgewählte Unternehmen näher zu untersuchen.
Gastgeber: Afrika ist auch in Bremen! e.V.
Workshop-Organisatoren: Dr. Osmund Osinachi Uzor (Leiter) und Frau Mireille Eboi (Assistentin)
Protokollant: Herr Alioune Niang (Afrika Netzwerk Bremen e.V.)
Aus dem Workshop wurden folgende Arbeitsgruppen (AGs), mit folgender Besetzung gebildet:
AG1: Wirtschaft: Björn, Holsten, Prof. Dr. Karl Wohlmuth, Susanne Grönert, Mireille Eboi und Rahime Diallo und Thomas Gatter
AG2: Gesundheit & Bildung: Barbara Chavez, Ute Jameh, Hella Da Souza, Virginie Kamche und Melaine Koffi
AG3: Soziales, Ökologie & Nachhaltigkeit: Jan Saffe, Christopher Duis, Prof. Dr. Hartmut Köhler
In der Zwischenzeit hat der Vorschlag, die afrikanischen Diaspora-Unternehmen in Bremen zu untersuchen, zu ersten Projektentwürfen geführt, die Herr Dr. O. Uzor veranlasst hat.
Vgl. zum Programm des Workshops: PDF Post-Kongress Workshop und Ankündigung des Workshops: PDF Ankündigung Post-Kongress 2013


Hochschule Bremen, Weiterbildung für Mitarbeiter chinesischer Unternehmen sowie von Landes- und Kommunalverwaltungen

Programm vom 1. 12. 2014 bis zum 9. 12. 2014
Grenzüberschreitende Investitionen (Deutschland, EU, Global mit China)
Teilnehmer: Delegation hochrangiger Mitarbeiter/Mitarbeiterinnen von Behörden aus der Provinz Shanxi (Provinz im Norden der VR China)
Kooperationspartner der Hochschule Bremen: Chinese Association for the International Exchange of Personnel (CAIEP).
Prof. Dr. K. Wohlmuth vom IWIM hat im Rahmen dieser Programme einige Seminare veranstaltet.


Universität Bremen und Hochschule Bremen veranstalten „Türkeiwoche“ im Rahmen des Deutsch–Türkischen Wissenschaftsjahres

Unter dem Motto "Wissenschaft bewegt: Deutsch-Türkische Beziehungen" wird vom 10. - 16. 11. 2014 eine "Türkeiwoche" veranstaltet, die zum Ziel hat, über wichtige Themen zum besseren gegenseitigen Verständnis und über wichtige Wissenschaftsstandorte in beiden Ländern zu informieren (vgl. PDF Türkeiwoche Flyer und PDF Türkeiwoche Plakat).


Climate Justice: 2nd International Symposium on Climate Justice at Forum Klimahaus, Bremerhaven on November 18-19, 2014

The symposium serves as a forum to explore the current state of international climate justice and climate change adaptation measures. Three key segments are held in Bremerhaven (on foundations, political mechanisms, and implementation), while an optional German-language component is held in the City of Bremen (see the link on the programme: ).

See also the Reporting by Climate Change networks about the Klimahaus Bremerhaven Symposium:

See the Proceedings of the Conference:


Online course Climate Change Science & Negotiations by

The Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) presents a new online course on Climate Change Science & Negotiations, taught by Professor Jeffrey Sachs and Emmanuel Guerin. The purpose is to introduce students to the complex science and policy environment underpinning the global climate change dialogue.


See on other courses and programmes related to climate change and sustainable development:

SDSN is a Global Initiative for the United Nations. It works on the Agenda 2030 to implement the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted in September 2015. The SDGs cover address the challenges of economic development, social inclusion, environmental sustainability, and good governance.


United Nations University UNU - WIDER Conference on "Inequality - Measurement, Trends, Impacts, And Policies"

Conference Dates: 5 - 6 September 2014

Conference Venue: Scandic Marina Congress Center, Katajanokanlaituri 6, Helsinki, Finland

This conference on 'Inequality – measurement, trends, impacts, and policies' focuses on the latest developments in the measurement of inequality in income, wealth, and human development, drawing also on advances in measurements in the advanced economies.

Details about the conference are available at:

Papers are available for download at:


Fachtreffen „Jobs für Afrika – Entwicklungspotenziale neu zusammen denken“

Fachtreffen des Berlin-Instituts für Bevölkerung und Entwicklung am 10. Oktober 2014 in Darmstadt.

Programm des Fachtreffens:

Kurzer Bericht über die Ergebnisse:

Diskussionspapier zum Thema (Link):

Wie Nahrungsmittelproduktion und erneuerbare Energien Entwicklung beschleunigen können

on Franziska Woellert und Reiner Klingholz

Diskussionspapier als PDF:


Knowledge for Development: Galvanizing the opportunities of a promising theme for improved development cooperation

Dates: 8 - 9 July 2014
Venue: German Development Institute (GDI)/ Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) in Bonn

This is a conference jointly organized by three institutions: German Development Institute (GDI) / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), the Knowledge, Technology and Innovation Group of the University of Wageningen & the Community of Practice KM4 Dev

From the organizers in their statement about the event:
"For nearly two decades now we have seen increasing consideration of knowledge and learning being at the core of development. However, the chances offered by this new development are not being optimally exploited. Knowledge managers, information managers, facilitators, knowledge brokers, etc. are still more occupied with justifying their existence than with galvanizing the lessons we have learned from past mistakes. The management of development cooperation is still top-down, with allusions to the donors knowing it all and the recipients knowing hardly anything."


Report about the Conference:


20 Jahre Demokratie in Südafrika

Das Haus der Kulturen der Welt in Berlin lädt zum Festival "20 Jahre Demokratie in Südafrika" ein.
Termin: 28. – 31. August 2014
Das Festival dient dazu, die erfolgreiche demokratische Entwicklung und den tiefgreifenden gesellschaftlichen Wandel seit den ersten freien Parlamentswahlen im April 1994 nachzuzeichnen und zudem eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme vorzunehmen. Kulturschaffende und Akteure aus Bildung, Wirtschaft und Rechtswesen werden sich mit dem Weg aus der Apartheid bis in das heutige Südafrika auseinanderseztzen.

Programmflyer (vgl.):
Programm und Bericht (vgl.):


FES: Panel Discussion on "The decisive phase of the EPA negotiations with Africa"

Die Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) lädt ein zu einer Podiumsdiskussion/FES invites to a panel discussion:

"All's well that ends well? The decisive phase of the EPA negotiations with Africa"

Location: FES Berlin, Hiroshimastraße 28
Date: 3 June 2014, 17 pm

A high level panel discussion will take place on the final negotiations towards the conclusion of EPAs between EU and African regional groupings. ECOWAS and the EU have agreed on an EPA in early 2014.

A partner of the event is INISA (Initiative Südliches Afrika e. V., Berlin); see more information about this event:

Programme (see the website):


Second Annual International Conference on Sustainable Development Practice (Second ICSDP)

Conference Theme: Advancing Evidence-Based Solutions for the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda
Date: September 17 - 18, 2014
Venue: Columbia University in New York City
Organizers: Global Association of Master's in Development Practice (MDP) and Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN)

Focus: There will be discussions about practical solutions to address the complex challenges of sustainable development at local, regional, and global levels. It is an aim of the conference to share and to identify practical, evidence-based solutions.

More information (see the website of ICSDP):

See also the information on the annual International Conference On Sustainable Development (ICSD):

The aim of the annual conference is it to identify and share practical, evidence-based solutions that can support the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


Development & Empowerment: A Double Degree Master (in cooperation with the Partner University in Tamale/Ghana)

The Double Degree Master programme Düsseldorf/Tamale aims at qualifying for activities in human rights protection, development cooperation, and international social work. The programme is organised by Prof. Dr. Agnes Atia Apusigah, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana and Prof. Dr. Walter Eberlei, Fachhochschule Düsseldorf. In this Double Degree Master two Master programmes are integrated: the Master Empowerment Studies of the Fachhochschule Düsseldorf (FHD) and the Master Development Education of the University for Development Studies (UDS), Tamale, Ghana.

More Information on the Programme (see website):

Course programme (see the PDF):


Jahreskonferenz der IWVWW e. V. in Berlin:

7. November 2014, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin

Themen: 25 Jahre IWVWW (Rückblicke und Ausblicke), 25 Jahre Mauerfall (Bedeutung für grundsätzliche Veränderungen in Europa) und Mitgliederversammlung (Jahresrückblick und Jahresprogramm)


Etudes Sans Frontieres – Studieren Ohne Grenzen Deutschland e. V.

Sinn und Unsinn der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit am Beispiel Zentralafrikas

Podiumsdiskussion, Universität Göttingen,

7. Mai 2014, 18 Uhr, ZHG 006



PD Dr. Salua Nour, Dozentin am Otto-Suhr-Institut der FU Berlin, ehemalige GZT-Mitarbeiterin in der DR Kongo

Professor Dr. Karl Wohlmuth, Entwicklungsökonom der Universität Bremen

Jeanne Mukaruhogo, Afrikasprecherin der SOS-Kinderdörfer


Infos über die Veranstaltung und über die Organisation ESF/SOG (Links):


Infos über Projekte von ESF/SOG  in der DR Kongo (PDFs: Doc1 - Doc2 )

Poster zur Veranstaltung (PDF)


Fach- und Führungskräfte von morgen – Qualifizierten Nachwuchs für Afrika-Kooperationen finden & binden

Eine Veranstaltung des Afrika-Verein der deutschen Wirtschaft e. v. in Kooperation mit der Jacobs University

Termin: 9. 5. 2014

Veranstaltungsort: Jacobs University Bremen, Campus Center/Conference Room

Impulsreferat von Prof. Dr. Karl Wohlmuth, Universität Bremen zum Thema:

“ New Business Opportunities in Times of Radical Change in Africa – How to deal with Shortages of Qualified Staff?“

Mehr Infos zu der Veranstaltung über die Homepage des Afrika-Verein Der Deutschen Wirtschaft:

Information über die Veranstaltung durch die Handelskammer Bremen: Außenwirtschaft aktuell, Ausgabe Mai 2014, Seiten 2-3 (Link):

Presentation by Professor Karl Wohlmuth at the Event (PDF: Presentation by Karl Wohlmuth at Jacobs University)

Bericht der Jacobs University über diese Veranstaltung (Link):


UNCTAD Public Symposium:

A Better World Economic Order for Equality and Sustainable Development Post-2015

UNCTAD, 18-19 June, 2014, Geneva

Web Information:


DIRTY PROFITS, Rohstoffinvestments und die Folgen für Mensch und Umwelt:

Diskussion und Ausstellungseröffnung

2. April 2014, 18.00 Uhr, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Berlin

Web Information: und


Kultur Als Brücke zwischen Afrika und EU:

Regelmäßige Vorstellung von Brückenbauern durch die Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung in Berlin

Ziele der Veranstaltungen: Respektieren der Kulturen und Akzeptanz des Fremden wie des Eigenen

Web Information: und


Neue Ausschreibung der VolkswagenStiftung im Rahmen der Initiative „Knowledge for Tomorrow“:

Postdoctoral Fellowships in the Social Sciences in Sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa, Deadline Social Sciences, June 27, 2014

Web Information:


Afrika ist auch in Bremen! e. V.: Afrikanisch – Deutscher Kongress 2013

Web Information:

Policy Paper (PDF):

Herausgeber: Afrika ist auch in Bremen! e.V.

Darstellung : Dr. Osmund Osinachi Uzor (Fachprogrammleiter AiB! e.V.)

Lynda Crowdwell (Erste Vorsitzende AiB! e.V.)

Romaricson Ayikoué Alognon (Politikwissenschaftler AiB! e.V.)  


Deutsche Bank Talking Straight: Preisentwicklung bei Agrarrohstoffen - Wer ist wie in der Verantwortung?

Frankfurt am Main, 16. April 2014

Programm der Konferenz (PDF)

Web Information: Spiegelberichte vorab und nachher über diese Konferenz: und


Dr. Mario Vella, Head of Malta Enterprise, visits the Faculty of Economics and Business StudiesDr. Mario Vella, Head of Malta Enterprise, visits the Faculty of Economics and Business Studies

Dr. Mario Vella, Head of Malta Enterprise, visited on March 13, 2014 the Faculty of Economics and Business Studies to speak with Professor Sarianna M. Lundan and the IWIM Professors Axel Sell and Karl Wohlmuth. Maren Hartstock represented the International Office of the Faculty, and staff from the central International Office of the University of Bremen was also available. Dr. Vella seeks advice and support for the newly established Institute for Foreign Direct Investment Studies (IFDIS) in Malta so as to build strategic partnerships with a global expert community working on investment. At the meeting the profile and the activities of the new institute were discussed, and potential areas for a mutually beneficial cooperation were outlined. 

Dr. Vella was part of the delegation of Malta’s President Dr. George Abela who met in Bremen with the President of the Senate of Bremen, Jens Böhrnsen and the Rector of the University of Bremen, Professor Dr. Bernd Scholz-Reiter. The President of Malta also visited the Malta Center at the University of Bremen. The Rector of the University of Malta was also a member of the high-level delegation from Malta (Link to the press release by the Senate of Bremen Office: ).


Interdisziplinäre Sudankonferenz, Universität Erfurt

Freitag, 28. 2. 2014 und Samstag, 1. 3. 2014

Programm: PDF  

Professor Dr. Karl Wohlmuth hat einen schriftlichen Beitrag zum Tagungsband eingereicht (vgl. dazu auch die erweiterte Version des Beitrages in der Reihe SERG Discussion Papers, Nummer 41).


4th Annual Conference on Structural Reform, Transformation, and Sustainable Development in Post-Secession Sudan: Economic, Political, and Social Perspectives

By: Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum, Sudan Ministry of Finance and National Economy And The World Bank

April 21 - 22, 2014

Conference Venue: Shariqa Hall, University of Khartoum, Sudan

Programme and Call for Papers (Link: PDF Programm Englisch und PDF Programm Arabisch )

Ergebnisbericht 3rd Annual Conference in Englisch und Arabisch (Link: PDF Ergebnisbericht )


Internationales Forum der Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung:  

I can't eat GDP! Was ist dran am wirtschaftlichen Aufstieg Afrikas? 

Seit einigen Jahren rückt Afrika immer mehr ins Scheinwerferlicht und alles dreht sich um Potenziale, aufstrebende Volkswirtschaften, Ressourcenreichtum, wachsende Mittelschichten und lukrative Märkte für Investitionen. Die Euphorie scheint gerechtfertigt, wie ein Blick auf die Statistiken der Weltbank und anderer Institutionen zeigt. Doch hinter den Zahlen verbergen sich zum Teil sehr unterschiedliche Realitäten.

Wann: am 25. Februar 2014

Wo: in der Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung in Berlin

Anmeldung bis zum 28. Januar unter: 

Programm: Download PDF



The Two Sudans 

Launch des Online-Filmprojekts

Filmvorführungen mit Gespräch 


Do, 28. November 2013, 19:00 – 21:00 Uhr 



10117 Berlin


Alyaa Sirelkhatim, Filmemacherin, Khartum, Sudan
Katharina von Schröder, Filmemacherin, Berlin
Magdi El-Gizouli, Fellow des Rift Valley Institute, London/ Freiburg

Annette Weber, Forschungsleiterin Arbeitsgruppe Naher und Mittlerer Osten und Afrika der Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin

Weitere Infos:


Foodwatch Deutschland

Pressegespräch in Berlin, November 2013

Professor Dr. Hans-Heinrich Bass, Hochschule Bremen, und Dr. Thilo Bode, Foodwatch Deutschland präsentieren die Studie von Professor Bass:

Spekulation mit Nahrungsmitteln: Vorstellung der Bremer Meta-Studie

Die Studie wird in der IWIM-Reihe „Globalization of the World Economy“/“Globalisierung der Weltwirtschaft“ („Weiße Reihe“ des IWIM) im Dezember 2013 erscheinen.


Informationsveranstaltung von BORDA e. V. (Bremer Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Überseeforschung und Entwicklung) und Handelskammer Bremen (HK Bremen) 


„weltwärts meets Wirtschaft“

Erfahrungen mit dem „weltwärts-Programm“ des Bundesministeriums für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ)

Link zum Programm: Einladung

Freitag, 15. November 2013, 13.00 Uhr bis 16.00Uhr, im

Industrie-Club Bremen e. V., Am Markt 1, Bremen


Delegation von Wissenschafts- und Hochschulexperten aus der Provinz Hainan, VR China,

Weiterbildungsprogramm vom 5. 11. 2013 - 8. 11. 2013

International Graduate Center, Hochschule Bremen

Themen: Qualifizierungsprozesse an Hochschulen; Ausbildung von betrieblichen Fachkräften; Technologietransfer und kommerzielle Anwendung von Forschungsergebnissen aus den Hochschulen; Hochschulentwicklungsplanung in Bremen; Entwicklung von Studienprogrammen in Bremen; Innovation und berufliche Bildung in Bremen; Qualitätssicherung an Hochschulen in Bremen; und Nationale Innovationssysteme, lokale Technologietransfers und globaler Wettbewerb. Das Beispiel Bremen


10. Deutscher Außenwirtschaftstag, Congress Centrum Bremen (CCB),

Dienstag, 5. November 2013

Thema: Mega-Cities, Berufsbildung, Gesundheit. Neue deutsche Exportkompetenz auf internationalen Märkten, Kongress und Fachausstellungen

Einladung der IWIM-Professoren als Gäste des Senators für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Häfen


EADI (European Association Of Development Research And Training Institutes) General Conference, 23 - 26 June 2014, Bonn

Conference Theme: Responsible Development in a Polycentric World, Inequality, Citizenship and the Middle Classes

Venue: Gustav-Stresemann-Institute (GSI), Bonn, Germany

Homepage mit komplettem Programm:


Vom 11. bis 14. Juni 2014 wird in Bayreuth der VAD-Kongress 2014 unter dem Thema „Future Africa“ stattfinden. Ein von Prof. Dr. Hans-Heinrich Bass und Prof. Dr. Robert Kappel geleitetes wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Panel zum Thema „Emerging Africa. Wie entwickelt sich Afrika?“ wird sich mit den Perspektiven des Wirtschaftswachstums in Afrika beschäftigen, insbesondere mit der Frage, inwieweit in Afrika eine Strukturtransformation tatsächlich stattfindet (siehe dazu die VAD-Homepage: (Panel 3)).


Globale Krisen und die Zukunft unseres Planeten.

Welche Entwicklung wollen wir?

Veranstalter: Katholisches Forum, 

Zeit: Freitag, 18. Oktober 2013, 19.30Uhr, 

Ort: Willehadsaal, Alte Post, Domsheide 15

Link: Poster zur Veranstaltung


Weiterbildungsseminar für Führungskräfte aus der VR China

International Graduate Center der Hochschule Bremen

Teilnehmer: Delegation mit Führungskräften aus der Volksrepublik China, Autonome Provinz, Innere Mongolei (Staatsbeamte, Unternehmer, Finanzexperten, Leiter von Infrastrukturabteilungen, Wissenschaftler)

Ort: International Graduate Center, Hochschule Bremen 

Zeit und Dauer des Seminars: 26. 8. 2013 – 30.8.2013

Themen: Innovationspolitik; Forschungsbasierte Unternehmensentwicklung; Innovative Unternehmen in Deutschland


Europakonferenz in Bremen/European Conference on Fair Trade in Bremen

Purpose: European Municipalities Take Action for Fair Trade/Conference at the occasion of the price award to Bremen celebration for the nationwide competition by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) as the Capital of Fair Trade on September 18, 2013

Conference Theme: Promoting Fair Trade at the Enterprise Level

Dates: 17th -18th September 2013

Venue: Bremen, Germany: Haus der Bürgerschaft/House of Parliament, Rathaus/Town Hall, Übersee-Museum Bremen, and other places

Organised by: Der Bevollmächtigte der Freien Hansestadt Bremen beim Budn und für Europa


Interdisziplinäre Sudankonferenz

Themen: Süd-Sudan – vom innerstaatlichen zum zwischenstaatlichen Konflikt; Sudan - weitere Krisen im Norden und Süden; Menschen, Kultur und Geschichte in der Konfliktregion

Ort: Universität Erfurt, Nordhäuser Straße 63, D-99089 Erfurt (Lehrgebäude 1)

Veranstalter: Universität Erfurt/SOS-Darfur und Weltblick

Termin: 28. Februar 2014 von 14.00 – 20.00 Uhr und 1. März 2014 von 9.00 Uhr bis 16.00 Uhr


Alumni-Dinner des Fachbereichs Wirtschaftswissenschaft, WIWI-Sektion des Alumni-Vereins community bremen e.V. in der historischen Kassenhalle am Domshof:

Das erste Alumni-Dinner des Fachbereichs Wirtschaftswissenschaft der Universität Bremen fand am 7. Juni 2013 in der historischen Kassenhalle der Commerzbank am Domshof in Bremen statt (Link zum Alumni-Portal:

Fotos vom Event:


Konferenz der IWVWW e. V. zum Thema: 

Werden in Europa neue Prioritäten gesetzt?

Ort: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6,

Zeit: Freitag, 8. November 2013


Ausschuss für Internationale Angelegenheiten

Forum Eine Welt Bremen



Entwicklungszusammenarbeit statt Teppichhandel – Neue Ideen für eine globale Friedens- und Strukturpolitik

Zeit: Montag, 19. August 2013 19.00 Uhr

Ort: KWADRAT, Wilhelm-Kaisen-Brücke 4, 28199 Bremen

Diskussionsrunde mit Cornelia Füllkrug-Weitzel, Präsidentin des Evangelischen Hilfswerks Brot für die Welt, Gertraud Gauer-Süß, Geschäftsführerin des Bremer Informationszentrums für Menschenrechte/biz und Prof. Dr. Karl Wohlmuth, Universität Bremen

Pressemitteilungen (Links):


Fotogalerie zum Event (Link:


Prof. Karl Wohlmuth erläutert aktuelle Herausforderungen

Prof. Karl Wohlmuth erläutert aktuelle Herausforderungen


Martin Töben, Gertraud Gauer-Süß, Cornelia Füllkrug-Weitzel, Prof. Karl Wolmuth (

Mar­tin Töben, Ger­traud Gauer-Süß, Cor­nelia Füllkrug-Weitzel, Prof. Karl Wohl­muth (


Volkswagen Foundation and Leibniz University of Hannover – Africa Research Programme Grantees Meeting of the postdoctoral fellowship programs within the Africa Initiative 2003-2013

Knowledge for Tomorrow – Cooperative Research Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa” 

in Hannover, Germany, Herrenhausen Palace

on 14 - 15 October, 2013


Wirtschafts-, Technologie und Wissenschaftsdelegation aus Tianjin, VR China,

Weiterbildungsprogramm vom 20. 6. 2013 - 26. 6. 2013

International Graduate Center, Hochschule Bremen

Themen: Innovationspolitik, Innovationsnetzwerke, Trends wissenschaftlicher und technischer Innovation, Innovationen in der deutschen Industrie, Innovationsmanagement, Technologietransfer, Management von Risikoinvestment


Residenzakademie Würzburg: Die Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes lädt ein

zum Thema: „Welternährung zwischen Mangel und Überfluss“

Ablauf: Podiumsgespräch und fünf Workshops (Wirtschaft; Finanzen; Züchtung, Naturwissenschaft und Forschung; Politik; Wasser)

Termin: 25. 10. 2013 bis 27. 10. 2013

Veranstaltungsort: Würzburger Residenz


Konferenz der IWVWW e. V. zum Thema:

Werden in Europa neue Prioritäten gesetzt?

Ort: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, Raum 3119

Zeit: 31. Mai 2013, 10.00 bis 13.00 Uhr


Afrika-Veranstaltungsreihe der Universität Bremen: Mai 2013

Die Exzellenzuniversität ist in Afrika in Forschung und Lehre aktiv

Veranstalter: Rektorat und International Office der Universität Bremen 

in Verbindung mit der Bremer Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Kontakt: International Office

Termin: Mai 2013

Vortrag von Professor Karl Wohlmuth (Synopse und Pressemitteilung)


Detailliertes Programm/Flyer/Web Access unter:


Info der Universität Bremen:


Info des International Office der Universität Bremen:


Pressemitteilung der Uni Bremen:


Abstract des Vortrages von Professor Karl Wohlmuth:


Deutsche Gesellschaft für angewandte Wissenschaften e.V.

Seit 1988 der Region Verpflichtet – weltweit orientiert

33 Jahre Internationales Wirtschafts- und Transportforum


24. Internationales Wirtschafts- und Transportforum

zusammen mit dem Europäischen Hafentag 2013

vom 17.-19. April 2013

im Atlantic Hotel Sail City, Bremerhaven

Thema:             Europa im Spannungsfeld multipolarer Herausforderungen

Schirmherr:       Martin Schulz, Präsident des Europäischen Parlaments

Wissenschaftliche Leitung:  Prof. Dr. Heinz-Jürgen Scheibe, Präsident der DGAW

Programm: PDF

Anmeldeformular: PDF


“Learning to Compete:  Industrial Development and Policy in Africa”

Annual Conference by UNU-WIDER (United Nations University - World Institute for Development Economics Research),

Venue: Helsinki, Finland

24 June 2013

UNU-WIDER Conference Link:

UNU-WIDER Research Programme Link:


International Conference

Republic of the Sudan

University of Khartoum

Directorate for Scientific Research and Cultural Relations


The Graduate College and the Directorate of Scientific Research and Cultural Relations of the University of Khartoum organize the Annual Conference for Postgraduate Studies and Scientific Research

25 to 28 February 2013 

Theme: “Towards a Confident Renaissance” 

Venue: Friendship Hall and University of Khartoum-Main Campus


„Transparenz im Rohstoffsektor“, Veranstaltung von Transparency International anlässlich des Antikorruptionstages (9.12. /Tag der Menschenrechte (10.12.)) 

Ort und Zeit:   Haus der Wissenschaft, Bremen, Sandstraße
                        10. 12. 2012,
                        18 - 21 Uhr

Das Programm (vgl. Programm) und die Presseerklärung (vgl. Presseerklärung) zeigen das Anliegen der Veranstalter anlässlich des Antikorruptionstages.


Protokoll der Veranstaltung: Transparenz im Rohstoffsektor

Bericht von einer Veranstaltung in Bremen am 10.12.2012, zu der die Transparency-Regionalgruppe anlässlich des Antikorruptionstages eingeladen hatte (Link zum Protokoll):

Vgl. auch den Artikel zu der Veranstaltung im Scheinwerfer 58, März 2013, 18. Jahrgang, Themenschwerpunkt: Intransparenz und Korruption im Rohstoffsektor (Link zu der Zeitschrift):


Die 25. Sudankonferenz in Hermannsburg findet vom 31. Oktober bis 2. November 2012 statt (vgl. zum Programm)


Informationsveranstaltung zur Exzellenzinitiative Kick-off-Veranstaltung:

Der neue Rektor der Universität Bremen, Professor Dr. Bernd Scholz-Reiter, informiert am 1. November 2012 über die am gleichen Tag beginnende Förderung  durch die DFG (vgl. Link zum Brief des Rektors).



International Research Fellows present their Findings: Professor Dr. R. A. Alabi from Ekpoma, Nigeria (Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow, Second Term), cooperating with the Research Group on African Development Perspectives (directed by Professor Karl Wohlmuth) and Dr.  U. Nadirkhanov from Tashkent, Uzbekistan (DAAD Research Fellow, Second Term), cooperating with the Research Group on Eastern Europe (directed by Professor Axel Sell) will present their research findings on Wednesday, 15 August, 2012, 16-18 p.m. in the University of Bremen, Building WHS 5, Room 0.13. At 18.00 p.m. the Press is invited to interview the two researchers on their scientific work and on the conditions and developments in Nigeria and in Uzbekistan. The Full Programme with Abstracts of the Lectures is ready for download (Full Programme and Abstracts).


9th International South Sudan and Sudan Studies


Identity, Economy, Power Relations and External Interests:

Old and New Challenges for Sudan and South Sudan


Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Regina Pacis-Weg 3,

Halls 1, 7, 8, 9


23.-25. July 2012

Day 2, 24 July 2012

“Economy and External Interests”

Plenary Session

Towards a Strategic Framework for Economic Cooperation between

Sudan and South Sudan

Karl Wohlmuth (University of Bremen, Germany), Buthaina Ahmed Elnaiem  (discussant)

10:00 Tea break


Hall 1

Panel I: ‘Economic Development of the Border States in Sudan and

South Sudan’

(chair: Karl Wohlmuth)

Development in the borderlands: prospects in Blue Nile and

Western Bahr el Ghazal

Abubakr I.M. Hussein (Development Studies Research Institute,

University of Khartoum, Sudan)


The predicament of pastoralist economy and society in postsecession

Sudan: challenges and prospects for pastoralist

livelihoods in borderlands of South Kordofan

Abdalbasit Saeed (Abdalbasit Consultancy Enterprise,

Khartoum, Sudan)


Shared social values for economic cooperation between the

bordering states in Sudan and South Sudan.

Buthaina Ahmed Elnaiem (University of Juba/Bahri, Khartoum,



Oil politics of the Sudan: How relevant were the technical

arguments for the location of the oil refinery in Kosti.

Mom Kou Nhial Arou (University of Juba, South Sudan)


Workshop „Resource-rich Developing and Transition Countries: The Cases of Nigeria and Uzbekistan“ on August 15, 2012: Professor Axel Sell (from the Working Group Eastern Europe) and Professor Karl Wohlmuth (from the Working Group African Development Perspectives) jointly invite to a Research Workshop on August 15, 2012 at the University of Bremen in Building WHS 5, Room 0.13, at 16-18 p.m. 

Two Senior Research Scholars will report on their researches:

Professor Dr. Reuben A. Alabi from the Department of Agricultural Economics, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria is an Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow and Dr. Ubaydulla Nadirkhanov from the Tashkent State Institute for Oriental Studies is a DAAD Research Fellow.  

Programme of the Workshop on August 15, 2012, 16-18 p.m. in WHS 5, Room 0.13:

Introduction: Professors Axel Sell and Karl Wohlmuth

Lecture and Discussion: The Aid-Growth Link in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Case of Nigeria, Presentation by Professor Alabi

Lecture and Discussion: Direct Investment in a Resource-rich Transition Economy. The Case of Uzbekistan, Presentation by Dr. Nadirkhanov

Final Discussion: Can the two Country Cases be compared?

Conclusions: Professors Axel Sell and Karl Wohlmuth

Participation: is for the public possible free of charge, but a notification is requested at: or at: or at:

As IWIM was founded in August 1987 this event is also a good opportunity to think about the research work of the past 25 years and about future tasks.


Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Karl Wohlmuth  im Rahmen der jährlich stattfindenden Veranstaltung „Afrikanische Perspektiven“ mit dem Thema für 2012:

Globaler Technologietransfer – Was kann Afrika gewinnen?

Freitag,  29. Juni 2012,  ab 14 Uhr im Forum Kirche, Hollerallee 75

Einstiegsreferat von Prof. Karl Wohlmuth zum Thema: Was kann Afrika gewinnen oder verlieren im globalen Technologietransfer?


9th International Sudan Studies Conference Bonn, Germany 2012, 23 - 25 July 2012

Theme: Identity, Economy, Power Relations and External Interests: Old and New Challenges for Sudan and South Sudan

Venue:  Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn


Call for Papers:


Konferenzleiterin Dr. Elke Grawert, BICC, Bonn:


Sudan Studies Association, USA:


Sudan Studies Society, UK:

Preliminary Programme of International Sudan Studies Conference in Bonn, Germany, July 2012: Link zum Programm


217. Sitzung der Ratskelleruniversität: Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Karl Wohlmuth

Am Donnerstag, 16. Februar 2012, 20 Uhr c.t. findet im Haus der Wissenschaft, Sandstr. 4/5 die 217. Sitzung der Ratskelleruniversität statt.  Vortragen wird Herr Prof. Dr. Karl Wohlmuth zum angedachten Thema:

"Potentiale von Agroindustrie und Agribusiness in Afrika - Ergebnisse einer vergleichenden Länderstudie"



Professor Dr. Karl Wohlmuth berichtet in „Wissen um 11“ im Haus der Wissenschaft in Bremen über das UNIDO-Projekt zur Industrialisierung auf der Basis landwirtschaftlicher Entwicklung (vgl. Veranstaltungsprogramm vom Haus der Wissenschaft: ):

Wissen um 11
Industrialisierung in Afrika auf der Grundlage landwirtschaftlicher Entwicklung
Bericht eines Mitautors über eine neue UN-Studie
Prof. Dr. Karl Wohlmuth, Universität Bremen
Olbers-Saal | 1. OG | 11 Uhr
Eintritt frei 

New Publications  

a) African Development Perspectives Yearbook 

b) IWIM Book Series 

c) IWIM Blue Series Papers

d) IWIM White Series Papers

e) SERG Discussion Papers


Lehre und Prüfungen

  • Hinweise und Downloads zur Lehre des IWIM finden Sie hier.

  • Sprechzeiten der Hochschullehrer finden Sie hier.

  • An alle Sokrates/Erasmus-Studierende und -Interessierte: 
    Sprechstunde für sämtliche Belange Ihres geplanten oder tatsächlichen Auslandsaufenthaltes bei Frau Maren Hartstock: Donnerstag, 10:00 - 12:00 Uhr im WIWI-Gebäude, Raum 1.07 "Büro für Praxis und Internationales". Dieses gilt auch für telefonische Anfragen. E-mail Anfragen sind natürlich jederzeit möglich und werden schnellstmöglich beantwortet: iwim@uni-bremen.deZur Sprechstunde melden Sie sich bitte vorher per e-mail an, da es sein kann, dass die Sprechstunde kurzfristig ausfällt bzw. verlegt wird!

Forschung und Transfer

  •  International Call for Papers: Economic Policies in Sudan after the Referendum of 2011

  •  Call for Papers: African Development Perspectives Yearbook, Vol. 16

  • It is our pleasure to announce a Call for Papers for an International Conference at the University of Juba in Juba, the capital of South Sudan. The topic is “Governance and Social Action in Conflict Societies”. Beside Sudanese scholars also academics from other parts of the world are highly welcome to take this unique opportunity to learn about the Sudan and to exchange research findings on other conflict societies with scholars from Sudan. Please find the Conference Programme here. Detailed Information.

  • Vortrag von Prof. Wohlmuth auf dem Länderseminar Sudan vom 5. bis 7. Oktober 2007 in der Akademie Frankenwarte in Würzburg, hier als PDF abrufbar.

  • Transferbericht des IWIM - Darstellung der in 2006 durchgeführten Transferleistungen sowie den Planungen für das Jahr 2007 (PDF).

  • Die Doktorandencolloquien des IWIM.

  • Elite Universität Bremen / Universität Bremen: Centre of Excellence

University of Bremen is excellent: “As one of eleven Universities of Excellence in Germany, the University of Bremen receives a funding of almost 100 Million Euro over the next five years. How does the university benefit from this? How do the students as well as the state of Bremen benefit from this award? The movie "University of Bremen - now University of Excellence" finds answers to these questions” (Link to the University Homepage:

Universität Bremen ist exzellent: Der Rektor informierte die Professoren über die Möglichkeiten, die dieser Erfolg der Universität Bremen für Forschungsanträge aus Mitteln der Exzellenzinitiative bietet (Link zu dem Schreiben des Rektors).


Kürzlich erschienene Publikationen

African Development Perspectives Yearbook:


African Development Perspectives Yearbook Vol. 12 (2007): Karl Wohlmuth, Chicot Eboué, Achim Gutowski, Afeikhena Jerome, Tobias Knedlik, Mareike Meyn, Touna Mama (Eds.) Africa - Commodity Dependence, Resource Curse and Export Diversification, Lit-Verlag, Hamburg, Münster. 
For further details click  here


African Development Perspectives Yearbook Vol. 18 (2015/2016): African Development Perspectives Yearbook 2015/16, Volume 18, Theme: Africa's Progress in Regional and Global Economic Integration – Towards Transformative Regional Integration, Wien/Zürich/Münster: LIT Publishers (Web Access: und )


Schriftenreihe des IWIM:

Band 18: Denu G. Berhanu (Hrsg.): "Institutions and Investment in Sudan. Socio-Economic and Institutional Foundations of Reconstruction and Development, Lit-Verlag Berlin, 496 Seiten, 2011

Band 17: Krylov, Alexander / Schauf,  Tobias (Hrsg.): "Internationales Management - Fachspezifische Tendenzen und Best-Practice, LIT-Verlag, Berlin/Hamburg/Münster, 2008

Band 16: Bass, Hans H. / Knedlik, Tobias / Meyn, Mareike / Wiegand-Kottisch, Maren (Hrsg.): "Ökonomische Systeme im Wandel der Weltwirtschaft. Economic Systems in a Changing World Economy", LIT-Verlag, Berlin/Hamburg/Münster, 2007

Blaue Reihe  

"Berichte aus dem Weltwirtschaftlichen Colloquium":

Nr. 125: Wohlmuth, Karl, Back to J. M. Keynes in Regulating International Commodity Markets: The Limits of the “Transparency Agenda”, 2014, 50 Seiten

Nr. 124: Wohlmuth, Karl, The Role of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) in Promoting Agriculture, Agro-Industry and Agribusiness in Africa, 2013, 19 Seiten

Nr. 123: Wohlmuth, Karl, Global Food Price Increases and Repercussions on Africa: Which Public Policy Interventions are really appropriate? 2012

Nr. 122: Wohlmuth, Karl, Die Auswirkungen der globalen Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise 2008/2009 in Afrika. Lehren für die nationale, regionale und internationale Wirtschaftspolitik, 2012

Nr. 121: Alabi, Reuben Adeolu, Marginal Benefit Incidence of Public Spending on Health Services in Nigeria, 2011

Nr. 120: Alabi, Reuben Adeolu, Redistribution of Education and Redistributive Effects of Education Spending in Nigeria, 2010

Nr. 119: Alabi, Reuben Adeolu, Progressivity of Education Spending in Nigeria, 2010

Nr. 118: Uzor, Osmund Usinachi, The ISMED Model and Public-Private Partnerships in the Promotion of Agro-Industrial Clusters in Nigeria, 2010 

Nr. 117: Wohlmuth , Karl, Emerging Markets - Die afrikanischen Staaten in der Weltwirtschaft, 2009

Nr. 116: Temesgen, Kifle, Motivation of Remittance Senders:Evidence from Eritrean Immigrants in German, Juli 2009

Nr. 115: Wohlmuth, Karl, World Economic Crisis - Globalization - Global Employment Crisis - Challenge for the Reform of Labour and Employment Policies in Japan and in Germany, Juni 2009

Nr. 114: Alabi, Reuben Adeolu, Income Distribution and Accessibility To Primary and Secondary Schools In Nigeria, 2008

Nr. 113:Albers, Harm, Globalisierung und Wachstum: Die Konvergenzdebatte - dargestellt mit Bezug auf Veröffentlichungen dreier Wissenschaftler, November 2008
Nr. 112: Rieckmann, Johannes, Two Dynamic Export Sectors (Diamonds, Tourism) in Namibia and Botswana: Comparison of Development Strategies , Juli 2008
Nr. 111: Ebenthal, Sebastian, Mexiko im Kontext der Globalisierung - Ergebnisse eines Globalisierungsindex für Entwicklungsländer, Juni 2008
Nr. 110: Jantzen, Katharina, Eine Einführung in Regulierungssysteme für die Fischerei im Nordatlantik am Beispiel der Fanggründe vor Island und Neufundland, Juni 2008
Nr. 109: Alabi, Reuben Adeolu, Income Sources Diversification: Empirical Evidence from Edo State, Nigeria, Mai 2008


IWIM White Series Papers:

Nr. 43: Oluyele Akinkugbe / Wohlmuth, Karl, Middle Class Growth and Entrepreneurship Development in Africa – Measurement, Causality, Interactions and Policy Implications, November 2016, 36 S.

Nr. 42: Hans-Heinrich Bass, Finanzspekulation Und Nahrungsmittelpreise: Anmerkungen Zum Stand Der Forschung, November 2013, 65 S.

Nr. 41:  Wohlmuth, Karl, Die „Vereinigten Staaten von Europa“ und der Euro. Einige Anmerkungen zur aktuellen Debatte. Materialien des Wissenschaftsschwerpunktes “Globalisierung der Weltwirtschaft” (ehemals: Materialien des Universitätsschwerpunktes „Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen und Internationales Management“), Mai 2012, 28 S.

Nr. 40: Wohlmuth, Karl et al. (Eds.), Reconstructing Economic Governance at Local and Provincial Levels in Resource-Rich African Countries. Comparative Analyses, März 2008

SERG Discussion Papers:

Nr. 41: Sudan und Süd-Sudan – Programme für nachhaltige Wirtschaftsreformen, Karl Wohlmuth, Universität Bremen, Bremen, Dezember 2013

Nr. 40: Towards A Strategic Framework for Economic Cooperation between Sudan and South Sudan, Karl Wohlmuth, University of Bremen, Bremen, September 2012

Nr. 39: An Agenda for Institutional Reforms in Sudan/South Sudan By Berhanu Denu-G., Sudan Economy Research Group, University of Bremen and Addis Ababa  University, Addis Ababa/ Ethiopia/Bremen, Germany. April 2011

Nr. 38: Sudan Studies 1979 - 2011 in Bremen. Compiled by Professor Karl Wohlmuth. By Karl Wohlmuth, Sudan Economy Research Group, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany. January 2011


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 Telefon: +49 (0)421 218-66517 

Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft